Download Development of Environmental Policy in Japan and Asian by Tadayoshi Terao, Kenji Otsuka PDF

By Tadayoshi Terao, Kenji Otsuka

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This booklet examines the problems of environmental coverage formation and implementation associated with financial improvement, via reviewing the japanese reviews and the examples of different Asian nations. This finds elements, that can together effect effectiveness in environmental coverage, of dynamism betwen environmental coverage and social switch in a household, local and international context.

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Moreover, needless to say, the policy of promoting pollution prevention investment by enterprises stimulated the demand for the products of the pollution prevention industry and also contributed to the growth of those industries. In the following section, we will show how the various means for implementing industrial policy could be utilized to implement industry pollution regulation policy in Japan. 11 This is because the application of penalty is considered to be the last resort, to be used only when a polluter doesn’t obey an order issued by the proper government agency for improvement or suspension of discharge.

37 As rapid industrialization boosted the national economy and income distribution equalization expanded the level of consumption, the standard of living was finally improved significantly. Then, most people eventually turned their attention to preservation and improvement of their ordinary lives and living environment and later on raised concerns over the preservation of the natural environment. However, a time lag can be expected between emergence of the pollution problem and social recognition of the seriousness of its damage and discomfort, so that substantial time is required to prepare the establishment of an institutional framework to prevent pollution and to promote efforts to conserve the natural environment.

This is considered to have been a cause of the over-investment in heavy oil desulphurization facilities. 9. It turns out that there was hardly any increase in capacity from the second half of the 1970s. 10. , equipment to prevent pollution by consumption of the product). Therefore, the investment in the equipment to prevent pollution by the oil refinery plant itself was not as large as it appears on the whole. Although the operation ratios of the heavy oil desulphurization facilities were already very low in 1975, large-scale investment was continued until around FY1976.

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