Download Crucibles of Political Loyalty: Church Institutions and by Jason Wittenberg PDF
By Jason Wittenberg
This publication investigates one of many oldest paradoxes in political technology: why do mass political loyalties persist even amid lengthy social upheaval and disruptive fiscal improvement. Drawing on vast archival examine and an unique database of election effects, this ebook explores the ambiguity of political endurance via studying Hungary's frequently tortuous course from pre- to post-communism. Wittenberg reframes the theoretical debate, after which demonstrates how regardless of the various depredations of communism, the Roman Catholic and Calvinist church buildings transmitted loyalties to events of definitely the right. opposite to traditional knowledge, Church resistance happened no longer from above, yet from less than. Hemmed in and confused via communist occasion cadres, parish clergymen and pastors hired various inventive strategies to make sure the continuing survival of neighborhood church associations. those associations insulated their adherents from pressures to assimilate into the encompassing socialist milieu. eventually this ended in political continuity among pre- and post-communism.
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Extra resources for Crucibles of Political Loyalty: Church Institutions and Electoral Continuity in Hungary
Many parties attempted to use the names, slogans, symbols, and rhetoric of important precommunist parties in a bid to gain votes in an electoral market in which few parties other than the communist and former communist parties were well known. Some of these, such as the Polish Peasant Party, the Czechoslovak People’s Party, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Party, had enjoyed a shell existence during the communist period as part of a communist-dominated ruling bloc. Others, however, were completely repressed during the communist period, enjoying neither organizational nor, for the most part, leadership continuity with the designated precommunist predecessor party.
See the reviews in Abramson (1992) and Leithner (1997). See Kostelecky´ (2002) for a review. 2 Theoretical Approaches ﬂee. Opposition activity is repressed, while the regime attempts to mobilize mass support for itself. The free ﬂow of information is restricted and its content controlled. The situation was particularly extreme in communist Eastern Europe, where for the most part the Party was able to snuff out opposition with great success. 11 Instrumental arguments do not suffer from the same theoretical problems when applied to redemocratization, but they are unlikely to be empirically plausible.
If we are ever to understand why electoral congruences do exist even in the absence of democratic politics, we will need a richer understanding of authoritarianism and what happens to electoral loyalties under it than these models provide. The beginnings of such an explanation may be found in macrolevel comparisons of pre- and 14 26 increased in Hungary from 21% to 41%. In Poland the jump was from 19% to 48%. In Bulgaria in 1939 industry’s share was less than 10% of GDP. By 1988 that had jumped to 58%.