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By John Gerard Ruggie

Constructing the area Polity brings jointly in a single assortment the theoretical rules of 1 of the main influential diplomacy theorists of our time. those essays, with a brand new advent, and finished connective sections, current Ruggie's rules and their program to severe coverage questions of the post-Cold battle overseas order. issues coated comprise: * overseas association. How the 'new Institutionalism' differs from the outdated. * The method of States. Explorations of political constitution, social time, and territorial house on the planet polity. * Making background. the USA and the problem of 'agency' within the post-Cold was once period. NATO and the long run transatlantic safety neighborhood. The United international locations and the collective use of strength.

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Additional resources for Constructing the World Polity: Essays on International Institutionalisation

Sample text

The norms diffused are those of rationalized bureaucratic structures and, more generally, standards of what it means to be a modern state, which have spread far more rapidly than the technology or markets that neo-utilitarian explanations would utilize to explain the spread. 13 Finnemore has extended this research to include the emergence of norms among the core countries, such as the Geneva conventions on warfare (1996a) and the evolution of humanitarian intervention (1996c). Others have addressed normative taboos on the use of chemical weapons (Price 1995) and nuclear weapons (Price and Tannenwald 1996).

We are cultural beings,” he wrote in his classic methodological essay on “Objectivity” (1949:81, emphasis in original), “endowed with the capacity and the will to take a deliberate attitude towards the world and to lend it significance. Whatever this significance may be, it will lead us to judge certain phenomena of human existence in its light and to respond to them as being (positively or negatively) meaningful. ” In short, the task of interpreting the meaning and significance that social actors ascribe to social action differentiates the social and natural sciences.

The most distinctive features of constructivism, then, are in the realm of ontology, the real-world phenomena that are posited by any theory and are invoked by its explanations (for a good discussion of ontology in the context of international relations theory, see Dessler 1989). As summarized in section two of this essay, at the level of individual actors constructivism seeks, first of all, to problematize the identities and interests of states, to show that and how they are socially constructed.

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