Download Conflict and Compromise in the Late Medieval Countryside: by Peter L. Larson PDF

By Peter L. Larson

Larson examines the altering kin among lords and peasants in post-Black loss of life Durham. This was once a period of time of upheaval and alter, a part of the transition from ‘medieval’ to ‘modern.’ Many historians have argued in regards to the nature of this modification and its motives, usually placing forth a unmarried all-encompassing version; Larson presses for the significance of person selection and motion, leading to a versatile, human framework that offers a extra applicable reason behind the numerous paths during this period.

The theoretical facet is balanced via an ‘on the ground’ exam of rural lifestyles in Durham-- an try to catch the uncooked feelings and judgements of the interval. nobody has quite tested this; so much reports are speculative, hoping on conception or data, instead of tracing the historical past of actual humans, either within the rapid aftermath of the plague, and within the long run. Durham is lucky in that documents continue to exist in abundance for this era; so much different reviews of rural society finish at 1300 or 1348.

As such, this publication fills an important hole in medieval English background whereas while grappling with significant theories of swap for this transformative period.

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Additional resources for Conflict and Compromise in the Late Medieval Countryside: Lords and Peasants in Durham, 1349-1400 (Studies in Medieval History and Culture)

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In discussing rent strikes and other peasant resistance in the fifteenth century, Bailey notes that many peasants did pay fines, rents, and feudal incidents, but “demands which were deemed excessive or arbitrary were increasingly disputed or rejected” (1994, 156). Although he concludes that “a concept of what constituted fair payment, or a just exaction, had become widely established” (156), it might be better to say that the concept had been adjusted in favor of the peasantry. Unjust exactions and demands had long caused peasant unrest, and attempts at freedom often came in the guise of claiming the privilege of ancient demesne status (Franklin; Razi 1983; Hilton 1969, 26–31; Faith 1984).

While a seigniorial institution, peasants used these courts to settle their own disputes. Medieval peasants possessed ideas of litigiousness and adversarial judicial processes similar to those today, and also as with modern legal culture, they could look to the courts for arbitration. indd 20 7/18/2006 11:50:42 AM Lords and Peasants, Estates and Villages 21 (1989). After all, the peasants on the jury had to live with both plaintiffs and defendants, and so it was in everyone’s interest to find a resolution that would end the problem; the flexibility of custom played a large role in this.

Both sides compromised on less important issues to win the more important battles. The relative balance between harmony and conflict has been debated, and this no doubt shall continue; but it is true that conflict did occur. Therefore, it is important to understand why it occurred when it did, and what that reveals about social dynamics. , a demand for justice or for the upholding of norms and customs? As conflict occurred, sometimes frequently, a related question to ask is, when or in what way was it significant?

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