Download Common Lisp: An Interactive Approach (Principles of Computer by Stuart C. Shapiro PDF
By Stuart C. Shapiro
It is a first-class LISP booklet; probably the simplest. The booklet is brief (~240 pages), relaxing to learn and comprises an in depth reference of the language behind the publication. i'd certainly suggest analyzing this booklet sooner than advancing onto Paul Graham's "On Lisp".
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Additional info for Common Lisp: An Interactive Approach (Principles of Computer Science Series)
6 (d) See what happens if you mistakenly leave out the parentheses, by typing > + 2 3 or > 2 + 3 to Lisp. 7 (i) Try the operators +, *, and / with one and with more than two arguments. 8 (i) Try each of the four arithmetic operators with no arguments. For example, + applied to no arguments is written (+). You should get two numeric answers, and two error messages. What is Common Lisp’s error message when you give a function too few arguments? 9 (i) Try = with zero and with one argument. 10 (i) Ask Lisp to evaluate (sqrt 4 9).
Notice that Lisp is an objectoriented language in the sense that it evaluates objects, not expressions. 1 In this chapter, you will get more experience interacting with the Lisp listener and distinguishing between objects and their printed representations. We will again use numbers, since you are already familiar with them. Numbers are one type of Common Lisp object, and there are several subtypes, including integers and ﬂoating-point numbers. Integers are used for whole numbers, such as 5 or 127.
1 (r) Try all the interactions of this chapter for yourself. 2 (i) Enter some short unquoted lists and note the error messages. We will discuss these errors later. 3 (i) Type a line containing just a right parenthesis. How does Lisp respond? 4 (i) Enter a quoted list with too many right parentheses. How does your Lisp respond? 5 (i) Enter some quoted lists that, by including carriage returns, extend over several lines. Carefully observe how Lisp behaves until the list is ﬁnally ﬁnished. Note the format in which Lisp prints lists.