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By Charles George

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The Univac 1108 had only half a megabyte of memory, much less than most modern cell phones and MP3 players—a far cry from supercomputers in use today. ”31 Newer Models Analyze the Past, Too Over the years improvements in computers have led to vastly improved computer climate models. In 2006 GFDL developed a new generation of climate modeling—the Flexible Modeling System. This model incorporates weather, seasonal predictions, and anthropogenic (human-made) climate changes. According to the NOAA, “With this new system, GFDL scientists anthropogenic developed, and now are using, two worldEffects, processes, objects, class climate models that have significantly or materials that are derived enhanced capabilities relative to the world’s from human activity; first revolutionary climate model that GFDL human-made.

The disease affecting people and animals was Rift Valley fever, spread by virus-carrying mosquitoes. Usually, the fever was not a problem. But with standing water everywhere, mosquitoes flourished and fed on any living thing, spreading the disease. At least 89,000 people caught the disease. Two hundred died, even though the fever is not usually fatal to humans. Animals were hardest hit, though. Up to 90 percent of herd animals were lost, causing extreme hardships for the human population. It was the worst outbreak of Rift Valley fever in recorded history.

Sea Level Sea levels are changing around the world, and scientists are dedicated to finding out what natural and human-made changes mean for the future. All water expands when warmed and contracts when cooled. This expansion and contraction occurs seasonally, from summer to winter, affecting both sea level and ocean currents that move warm and cold water around the globe. As earth’s oceans and atmosphere have warmed since the 1700s, sea levels have risen. This rise has occurred due to expansion, but also from the addition of freshwater from melting ice caps and glaciers, primarily in the Arctic.

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