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By Giliberto Capano, Marino Regini, Matteo Turri

This ebook severely examines the ramifications of reforms to better schooling associations. all the larger schooling approach reforms carried out in western international locations during the last 3 many years have had one essentially very important objective: particularly, that of fixing the present institutional and method governance preparations. This publication argues that inside this normal framework, Italy is a relative latecomer to a state of affairs the place makes an attempt at collage reform were characterised by means of substantial problems, and feature been blighted by way of the arguably negative caliber of coverage layout. by means of targeting the Italian reform trajectory as an emblematic case, and offering a finished of the historic evolution of upper schooling in Italy and extra afield, this ebook adopts a comparative viewpoint to teach how reforms of governance in better schooling might in achieving diversified levels of luck counting on the features in their coverage layout, and why those reforms necessarily result in a chain of unintentional results. it is going to be important analyzing for these attracted to schooling coverage and the historical past of schooling.

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Changing Governance in Universities: Italian Higher Education in Comparative Perspective

This publication severely examines the ramifications of reforms to raised schooling associations. all the greater schooling process reforms carried out in western international locations over the past 3 many years have had one essentially vital goal: particularly, that of adjusting the prevailing institutional and approach governance preparations.

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Sample text

2 Political Capacity Political capacity, meaning the capacity to take effective action in pursuit of a goal, refers directly to the strength and efficacy of governments in decision-making processes. This capacity is widely recognized as dependent upon the nature of institutional arrangements and on their interaction with the structure and dynamics of the party system. This property is both structural and contingent. It is structural insofar as the characteristics of institutional arrangements tend to provide governments with a certain room for manoeuvre, in a stable manner, over the course of time.

It is thus possible to establish which types of policy design a government can pursue, and under which conditions a government can pursue one type of design rather than another. Therefore, the aforementioned typology can be adopted as a useful tool for analysing policy design dynamics in HE governance, because we can assume that policy design moves from one space to another according to the government’s actual 36 CHANGING GOVERNANCE IN UNIVERSITIES political and technical capacity. These governmental dimensions can obviously vary over time and thus determine in which policy design space governments can formulate their policies and, consequently, what type of design they will adopt.

The other two factors we have identified as potentially affecting Italian governments’ reforming capacities, namely public salience and policy legacy, need to be seen in terms of such historical developments. Public salience, that is the public’s views regarding the policy issues put forward, is an extremely important contextual factor that can affect political capacity in one way or another (Wlezien 2005). With regard to public opinion, in the case of HE what counts are the majority’s views concerning the evolution of university policy.

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