Download Best Practices for Commercial Roof-Mounted Photovoltaic by Rosalie Wills, James A. Milke, Sara Royle, Kristin Steranka PDF

By Rosalie Wills, James A. Milke, Sara Royle, Kristin Steranka

This SpringerBrief provides details on a large choice of risks and the wear capability as a result of set up of a photovoltaic (PV) approach. the present deploy practices for PV structures on roofs create electric, fireplace, structural, and weather-related risks that don't comply to present codes, criteria and information records. strength risks comprise structural loading, wind a lot, hail, snow, particles accumulation, seismic dangers, firefighting dangers, and electric dangers. regardless of the elevated acclaim for PV platforms after the environmental stream, learn exhibits that the prices of putting in PV platforms outweigh the advantages. risks of PV platforms on roofs have brought on a number of incidents within the usa; the main remarkable in Bakersfield, California, and Mount Holly, North Carolina. Designed for hearth engineers and execs, top Practices for advertisement Roof-Mounted Photovoltaic process set up bargains options to establish PV structures thoroughly and sustainably.

Show description

Read or Download Best Practices for Commercial Roof-Mounted Photovoltaic System Installation PDF

Best ventilation & air conditioning books

Hvac Air Duct Leakage Manual

This American nationwide commonplace, ANSI/SMACNA 016-2012, covers revised leakage standards and builds at the confirmed tools for trying out ductwork for air leaks from the 1st version. comprises updates to the predicted leakage charges for ductwork built to the SMACNA HVAC Duct development Standards-Metal & versatile, duct leakage try out strategies, tips about use of leakage checking out, different types of try gear and attempt setup and pattern leakage research.

Faber & Kell's Heating & Air-Conditioning of Buildings

''Faber and Kell'' has for over fifty years been accredited because the so much functional and complete booklet on heating and air con layout and is considered the normal reference e-book for either scholars and practitioners. which will supply up to date info, this 9th variation has been revised to incorporate the newest adjustments to process layout and covers many facets in better intensity, while nonetheless maintaining the nature of earlier variations.

Basic Principles of Concrete Structures

In keeping with the newest model of designing codes either for constructions and bridges (GB50010-2010 and JTG D62-2004), this ebook begins from metal and urban fabrics, whose homes are extremely important to the mechanical habit of concrete structural individuals. step-by-step, research of strengthened and prestressed concrete individuals below uncomplicated loading varieties (tension, compression, flexure, shearing and torsion) and environmental activities are brought.

Plastic Methods for Steel and Concrete Structures

This can be a thoroughly revised, up to date and reset version of the textual content that seemed with a similar identify in the course of the Nineteen Eighties. It covers the necessities of the latest layout criteria (BS5950, BS8110 and the Eurocodes) and may entice undergraduate and postgraduate scholars of civil and structural engineering and to working towards engineers.

Additional info for Best Practices for Commercial Roof-Mounted Photovoltaic System Installation

Sample text

A future goal is to have this report be adopted by the International Code Council. Wind design of roof-mounted PV systems will be addressed in ASCE 7 in 2016, with possible adoption by the International Building Code (IBC) in 2018. Although this resource is the most effective way to calculate wind forces, it still has its limitations. Structurally attached and ballast-only PV systems are the only attachment method that has a determined way of predicting wind forces in every direction. Many PV systems are not structurally attached and need an alternate method to predict these wind forces.

The work product of this effort will be presented immediately to the full STP for UL 1703 for vetting and, ultimately, adoption. 2. The new requirements describe how to properly determine a fire rating for PV systems. While the standard was changed on October 25, 2013, it is important to note that that change is not effective until October 25, 2016 so it will not have any positive effect on this problem for several years. Although rated PV systems will soon be required, it is not understood how to apply this requirement.

The main point from the study was that without any debris, a class A rated roof with a 5ʺ mounted PV panel resisted ignition when exposed to hot embers; therefore making the assumption that the roof rating remains true even with a PV panel mounted on it. Yet, when debris accumulated between the PV panels and the roof, even when protected by 1/8ʺ and 1/16ʺ screens, and it was then exposed to hot embers, the debris ignited spreading the fire across the roof. Even though the roof was a Class A rated roof, the containment and spread of the fire between the panels and the roof caused damage to both the roof and the PV system.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.75 of 5 – based on 16 votes