Download Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments

Worldwide switch checks tell choice makers concerning the clinical underpinnings of various environmental concerns, reminiscent of weather swap, stratospheric ozone depletion, and lack of biodiversity. Dozens of tests were performed thus far through a number of U.S. and overseas teams, lots of them influencing public regulations, know-how improvement, and study instructions. This record analyzes strengths and weaknesses of 8 previous checks to notify destiny efforts. universal components of powerful exams contain powerful management, wide engagement with and affected events, a clear science-policy interface, and good outlined conversation concepts. The file identifies eleven crucial components of powerful tests and recommends that destiny checks comprise determination help instruments that utilize info on the local and native point the place judgements are made.

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Sometimes particular scientific questions come to be widely perceived as important, perhaps even decisive, for policy decisions. ), the significance of the human contribution to a naturally occurring change, or discrepancies in data records or observational techniques. If the policy debate on an issue is characterized by controversy or deadlock because conflicting claims are being made about key scientific questions, an assessment can inform and advance the policy debate by authoritatively resolving these questions.

S. S. S. Global Change Research Program (GCRP) with a ranking of science priorities. SOURCE: GCRP 1989. 1 Chart framework • Process research to enhance understanding of the physical, geological, chemical, biological, and social processes that influence Earth system ­behavior; and integrated modeling and prediction of Earth system processes. In FY 1994, a new program element was added: assessment activities. This addition came in response to Congressional interest as specified in the GCRA and advanced many of the findings of the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) report (OTA 1993) Preparing for an Uncer- Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

S. Strategy for Global Change Research” (GCRP 1989). Several criteria, although not applied systematically, were used to evaluate projects under each research element, including relevance and contribution to the overall goal of the program, scientific merit, ease or readiness of implementation, links to other agencies and international partners, cost, and agency approval. Initially, the early GCRP mission included the following: • Documentation and analysis of Earth system changes, which include observation—using both ground- and space-based observation systems— and data management; and Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

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