Download Ambivalent Embrace: America's Troubled Relations with Spain by Rodrigo Botero PDF

By Rodrigo Botero

For almost centuries interplay among Spain and the USA used to be characterised through cultural and political variations, collectively perceived conflicts of nationwide curiosity, and an asymmetry of strength. Botero identifies the interval from 1945 to 1953 as a watershed in kin, because the nations moved from a opposed posture in the direction of a pleasant rapprochement. He indicates why, despite political ameliorations, mutual mistrust, and reciprocal grievances, either governments stumbled on it of their top curiosity to arrive an contract at the factor of ecu security. This research files, for the 1st time, the intense lengths to which the Franco regime used to be ready to visit increase its kin with the United States.Beginning with the Spanish monarchy's choice to aid the 13 colonies of their fight for independence, Botero examines treaty negotiations in 1795 and 1821 that concerned Spain's territorial possessions in North the United States. He then appears at how friction over occasions in Cuba culminated within the Spanish-American warfare of 1898. a number of many years of mutual disengagement till the 2 countries back clashed over the early pro-Axis sympathy of the Franco regime. the phobia of Soviet aggression may eventually unite the 2 within the post-World struggle II period with a bilateral contract to set up army bases in Spain as a part of strategic preparations to protect Western Europe.

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Extra info for Ambivalent Embrace: America's Troubled Relations with Spain from the Revolutionary War to the Cold War (Contributions to the Study of World History)

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5:502. John Adams, commissioner to the peace negotiations, referring to the principle of unconditional acknowledgement of North American independence stated: “Mr. Jay has acted on the same principle with Spain and with Great Britain. ’’ Adams to Livingston, November 6, 1782, in Wharton, op. , 5:584. 16. Aranda dissented from official policy on this question. Although he foresaw difficulties in dealing with the new nation, he thought it was in Spain’s self-interest to provide active support to North American independence: “To conserve our own possessions in America we need to safeguard them from the example of the British Colonies, should they become disappointed in our lack of support.

21 Spain’s industrial output was incapable of supplying both the home market and the needs of the colonies. 22 Opportunities for significant trade flows between Spain and the United States were modest. Trade, therefore, was not a decisive consideration. The government of Carlos III regarded the consequences of North American independence primarily from the viewpoint of the security of the Spanish colonies, the outlook for which did not appear promising. In 1780, Peru was convulsed by the rebellion of Tupac Amarú .

7 The failure of Jay’s mission to Madrid illustrates the shift in the mood of influential North American statesmen towards Spain from one of high hopes and friendship, to one of disillusionment, resentment, and mistrust. Spain’s entry into the war was received in North America with high expectations, for military as well as financial reasons. Thus, in a letter to Jay, Robert Morris, the newly appointed superintendent of finance of the United States, referred to “the derangement of our money affairs, the enormity of our public expenditures, the confusion in all our departments” and added: While we have neither credit nor means at home, it is idle to expect much from individuals abroad.

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