Download Unimagined Community: Sex, Networks, and AIDS in Uganda and by Robert Thornton PDF
By Robert Thornton
This groundbreaking paintings, with its detailed anthropological strategy, sheds new mild on a primary conundrum surrounding AIDS in Africa. Robert J. Thornton explores why HIV occurrence fell throughout the Nineties in Uganda regardless of that country's having one in every of Africa's maximum fertility charges, whereas in the course of the related interval HIV incidence rose in South Africa, the rustic with Africa's lowest fertility cost. Thornton reveals that culturally and socially decided adjustments within the constitution of sexual networksrather than adjustments in person behaviorwere answerable for those radical alterations in HIV. Read more...
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Additional resources for Unimagined Community: Sex, Networks, and AIDS in Uganda and South Africa
The growth of the epidemic, the processes by which it is transmitted from one person to another, the huge regional and local differences in prevalence and in the types of the virus that are responsible, are, for the most part, the consequence of social and cultural factors. In the first place, there are actually multiple epidemics. Each country and each region of each country manifests different characteristics that either predispose it to rapid spread of the infection or tend to retard the spread.
For instance, the early development of an indigenous cultural category for AIDS in Uganda, slim or siliimu, went a long way toward making it possible for Uganda to develop an early indigenous response. In South Africa, deep cultural values of what I call flows of sexual substance provide an alternative way of seeing HIV in the body for traditionalists in South Africa (especially traditional healers, sangomas, and their clients). The central problem of this book, then, concerns the structure of the social and cultural context of HIV transmission.
I was invited to be a member of a team that would study the reasons for the decline in HIV prevalence in Uganda while it continued to increase in the rest of the world. S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the project as originally conceived would examine three countries selected from those where HIV prevalence had fallen (Uganda, Thailand) or where there was some evidence of local declines in prevalence (Lusaka, Zambia). These would be compared with three countries in which prevalence was still rising (Zimbabwe, Cameroon, and Kenya).