Download The Structure of International Conflict by C. R. Mitchell PDF

By C. R. Mitchell

What constitutes a 'conflict' among human teams, businesses or nations? How do humans understand and behave in conflicts? How do conflicts come to an finish and what half can outsiders play in settling them or making them much less harmful? the current paintings seeks to reply to such questions.

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233) that' ... influence is exercised through control over the premises of decision . . '. Once a party accepts its adversary's definition of the issues in conflict, it will often be at a marked disadvantage, seeking to justify both to itself and others, its own goals and behaviour in terms of its rival's underlying values. The process of justification often proves impossible, and leads to the phenomena of a 'loss of will' or 'crisis of confidence', preparatory to conceding the conflict to the opposing party.

Over political solutions to those physical, biological and social problems ... ' which threaten all of them. Hence, there will be a change ' ... to a future in which there will be agreement over ends (world security), but ... conflict over means (how to get it) .. ' (Hammond, 1965, pp. 45-6). CONFLICT SITUATIONS 41 There is undoubtedly some validity in this view, and it need not necessarily be confined to conflict over methods and means at the international level. Conflict over means can be intense, and lead to the further development of antagonistic feelings and patterns of behaviour in much the same way as can situations of basic goal incompatibility (although there is [initially ]less likelihood of violent conflict behaviour developing over shared goals accompanied by differing means, than over fundamentally opposed goals).

A mixed situation of conflict and co-operation often exists. One further line of thought arising from the conception of parties pursuing goal 'sets' is the nature of non-conflictju/ relationships between social entities, and how these differ basically from relationships involving conflict. 3. NON-CONFLICTFUL RELATIONSHIPS That particular parties may possess and pursue congruent as well as contradictory goals underlines the simple fact that social entities, from individuals to countries, can be in co-operative as well as conflictful relationships, and frequently are in mixed situations of conflict and cooperation.

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