Download The Society of Mind by Marvin Minsky PDF
By Marvin Minsky
Marvin Minsky -- one of many fathers of desktop technology and cofounder of the unreal Intelligence Laboratory at MIT -- provides a innovative solution to the age-old query: "How does the brain work?"
Minsky brilliantly portrays the brain as a "society" of tiny parts which are themselves senseless. Mirroring his concept, Minsky boldly casts The Society of Mind as an highbrow puzzle whose items are assembled alongside the best way. every one bankruptcy -- on a self-contained web page -- corresponds to a bit within the puzzle. because the pages flip, a unified thought of the brain emerges, like a mosaic. creative, a laugh, and straightforward to learn, The Society of Mind is an event in mind's eye.
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The slower an agency operates-that is, the longer the intervals between each change of state-the more external signals can arrive inside those intervals. Does life seem swift to tortoises, but tedious to hummingbirds? 8 THINKINGWTTHOUT We don't know how our muscles fust aswe walkwithout thinking,we think without thinking! that do our mentalwork. When agencies the about more ^"k. aps, a time. it for you about think yo" tt"u. a hard problem to solve, if someone But dnd Such'" such gOt do it. -, to come all at once, and you say,"Aha, I've like the followthings than more were to askhow you found the solution,you could rarelysay ing: "I suddenlyrealized.
Who careshow they work, so long as they work! ihirrg to throw and catch. It is becauseour minds did not evolveto serveas instruments for scienceo, pirilorophy,but to solvepracticalproblemsof nutrition, defense,procreation, and the like. We tend [o ihink of knowledgeasgoodin itself,but knowledgeis usefulonly when we can exploitit to help us reachour goals. |ust look : Each casualglanceemploysa billion brain cellsto represr y rize its differencesfrom recordsof other experiences. It only seemssimple happening.
The art of a great tricksfor placingall thosepigment paintingii not in any one idea,nor in a multitudeof separate parts. What counts scattered aimless, as asvalueless makeour mindsire by themselves is what we makeof them. The value of a human self lies not in somesmall,preciouscore, but in its vast, constructedcrust. They'reall insinuations What are thoseold and fiercebeliefsin spirits,souls,and essences? thoughtsseemsjust as virtues in such for our To look that we'rehelplessto improveourselyes.