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By Henk A. M. J. Ten Have, Stuart F. Spicker (auth.), Henk A. M. J. Ten Have, Gerrit K. Kimsma, Stuart F. Spicker (eds.)
The progress of information and its results at the perform of medication were problems with philosophical and moral curiosity for a number of a long time and may stay so for a few years to return. the description of the current quantity was once conceived approximately 3 years in the past. In 1987, a convention in this topic used to be held in Maastricht, the Netherlands, at the party of the founding of the eu Society for Philosophy of medication and well-being Care (ESPMH). many of the chapters of this ebook are derived from papers awarded at that assembly, and for the aim of enhancing the booklet Stuart Spicker, Ph. D. , joined founding participants of ESPMH, Henk ten Have and Gerrit Kimsma. the 3 of them effectively introduced jointly a few attention-grabbing contribu tions to the topic, and ESPMH is thankful and proud to have initiated the construction of this quantity. The Society intends that annual conferences be held in several ecu international locations on a rotating foundation and to submit volumes with regards to those conferences every time possible. In 1988, the second one convention used to be held in Aarhus, Denmark on "Values in scientific selection Making and source Allocation in well-being Care". In 1989, a gathering used to be held in Czestochowa, Poland, on "European Traditions in Philosophy of drugs. From Brentano to Bieganski". it truly is was hoping that those meetings and the books to be derived from them, will start up a brand new ecu culture, lasting good into the 21 st century! P. J.
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The successful 19th-century application of the miasmatic thought-style implied that medicine was also a social science. It was in fact this particular concept that was discarded in the subsequent development of medicine. Why did that happen? What were the reasons that the idea of an association between man's habitat and infectious disease came to be regarded as an obstacle to the growth of medical knowledge? To clarify these questions one must study the intrinsic characteristics of the thought-style which evolved from the miasma proto-idea in the early part of the 19th century.
In the eighteenth century, with the transformation of miasmatism into an environmentalist theory the nature and origin of miasma was specified. Instead of atmospheric constitutions and ill-defined emanations, specific factors such as meteorological changes and wind-directions, the construction of dwellings, stagnant waters, the heaps of refuse and rotting waste matter in the cities, were blamed and subsequently attracted research. By compiling epidemic histories, meteorological journals, mortality registers, and topographical data, physicians such as Locke, Petty, Sydenham, and Frank tried to gather empirical evidence to document an association between environmental factors and diseases .
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