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By Mohammad Alauddin, Clement A Tisdell

'Green-Revolution' applied sciences have reworked the nation-state of many much less built nations. This e-book examines the techniques curious about the adoption of those new applied sciences and their socio-economic impression. It offers an built-in view of the results of 'Green Revolution' applied sciences on monetary progress and returns, distribution of source of revenue and assets, balance of agricultural creation and returns and their sustainability in Bangladesh.

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Extra info for The ‘Green Revolution’ and Economic Development: The Process and its Impact in Bangladesh

Sample text

Foodgrain production is central to the agricultural economy of Bangladesh. Rice and wheat together occupy 83 per cent of the gross cropped area. Bangladeshi agriculture primarily involves a rice monoculture. About 80 per cent of the gross cropped area is planted with rice which accounts for about 93 per cent of total cereal production, even though wheat as a foodgrain is gaining in importance (Alauddin and Tisdell, 1987). Given the proportion of the total population dependent on agriculture for its livelihood, and agriculture's contribution to the national accounts and to the export earnings of Bangladesh, the key to the economic development of Banglad~sh in the foreseeable future is held by agriculture.

Chapter 3 assesses quantitatively the impact of biological technology in increasing the productivity of cultivated land following the Green Revolution. The model of Diwan and Kallianpur (1985) is applied to estimate the contribution of biological technology in increasing Bangladeshi foodgrain productivity per hectare of cultivated land. Our findings for Bangladesh are then compared with those of Diwan-Kallianpur (D-K) for India. Based on the conclusions reached via reinterpretation of the D-K model and supported by other evidence, it is contended that the D-K approach is subject to severe limitations and that it can give a misleading view of the contribution to production of the Green Revolution technology.

Jute yield grew at a much higher rate in the 1975-84 sub-period, following the introduction of the Intensive Jute Cultivation Scheme (IJCS). 1. The impact of the new agricultural technology comes into sharper focus as the growth rates in net yields edge closer to the respective output growth rates in the later sub-periods. Overall crop output growth is significantly higher in the third sub-period and exceeds the rate of growth of population. Overall the output and productivity growth in non-cereals commodity groups seems to lag far behind those in the cereal sub-sector as well as population growth.

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