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By John S. Goldkamp, Michael R. Gottfredson, Peter R. Jones, Doris Weiland

In this enlightening learn, the authors enforce a special study method of supply a better figuring out of coverage reform of pretrial unencumber and detention practices within the felony courts in Boston, Miami, and Phoenix.

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Extra info for Personal Liberty and Community Safety: Pretrial Release in the Criminal Court

Example text

By reviewing "bail" policy thoroughly and analyzing the impact of bail decisions, the municipal court judiciary was able to demonstrate that it had an appropriate policy and that it was able to monitor the results of its practices. Using the policy framework of the court's decision guidelines and the empirical analysis which supported their development, the municipal court had a powerful tool that could both facilitate the examination of specific problem areas (in the light of court policy) and enable a more systematic approach to release decisionmaking.

27. Cohen (1983); von Hirsch and Gottfredson (1984). See also Underwood (1979); Morris and Miller (1985). 28. Petersilia and Turner (1987). 29. Goldkamp (1987). 3 Evidence about Guidelines The research described in subsequent chapters was predicated on the experience of our earlier work in the Philadelphia Municipal Court. 1 Perhaps the most fundamental question underlying the Philadelphia research was whether it would be possible to review and change the exercise of judicial discretion at the bail stage through this voluntary approach.

This research represents the second stage in the development of the decision guidelines approach to pretrial release. The first stage involved an experiment conducted in the Philadelphia Municipal Court29 in which judges and social scientists worked together to construct decision guidelines30 and to determine whether their use by the court could productively address the kinds of problems noted above. The Philadelphia study tested the proposition that the issues stubbornly characterizing the practice of bail were, like problems associated Bail, Pretrial Release, and Detention 11 with other criminal-justice decision stages (such as parole and sentencing), best attacked as "normal" problems of decisionmaking, as "natural" to the exercise of discretionary judgment.

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