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By Stan Hoig

The Chisholm path, traveled through Texas longhorn livestock relocating northward throughout present-day Oklahoma to Kansas, used to be named for mixed-blood Cherokee Jesse Chisholm (1805–1868). even though Chisholm’s prominence in western lore rests principally in this connection, he was once energetic at the frontier lengthy earlier than the naming of the path. simply because he left no diaries, letters, or own records, even though, his existence has been shrouded in mystery.Drawing from many resources, together with early kingdom and federal files, newspaper debts, and alternate and armed forces files, Stan Hoig bargains the clearest photograph so far of the various very important roles Chisholm performed: trailblazer, pal of Indian chiefs, linguist of Indian languages, scout, and—perhaps so much important—liaison among Indian tribes, the U.S. govt, and the Republic of Texas. together with his ambitious mind and skill for international relations, Chisholm blazed a path within the historical past of the yankee Southwest extra attention-grabbing even than the person who bears his identify.

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Jesse Chisholm: Ambassador Of The Plains

The Chisholm path, traveled by way of Texas longhorn farm animals relocating northward throughout present-day Oklahoma to Kansas, used to be named for mixed-blood Cherokee Jesse Chisholm (1805–1868). even though Chisholm’s prominence in western lore rests mostly in this connection, he used to be lively at the frontier lengthy sooner than the naming of the path.

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An attempt was made to burn the occupants out, but it was successfully repelled by the arrows and gunfire that poured forth from the redoubt. Another battle erupted when a large force of Waco warriors appeared on the scene, mounted and well armed. Three Cherokees on horseback and several on foot were lured off in pursuit and ran into a deadly trap. Their scalped corpses were later found pierced by lances and spiked with barbed arrows. Still unable to burn out the refugees in their earth-protected lodge, the Cherokees made their retreat with some fifty-five to sixty Tawakoni scalps, leaving behind five dead of their own.

Rogers (no kin to the Cherokee trader of that name) had been purchasing peltries from a group of Cherokees who were camping and hunting on the ~ a s h i t a . ~ A group of U S . Rangers - actually a ragtag group of young Arkansas frontiersmen - under Captain Jesse Bean made a journey through what is now central Oklahoma in 1832. Accompanying them were Indian Commissioner Henry Ellsworth and writer Washington Irving, who had just returned from Europe. Irving would later make the excursion famous with his book A Tour of the Prairies.

This was the beginning of Chisholm's long and valuable service as a contact for both the United States and the eastern Indians with the Plains tribes. On July 25 the Dragoons, accompanied by some members of the prairie tribes, began their return. Dodge had a t first intended to strike northeasterly for Fort Leavenworth but, because of the extreme difficulty of the march, chose instead to return to Fort Gibson. It was, indeed, a torturous march - probably the worst that Jesse Chisholm would ever make - across a treeless, waterless country through the torrid heat of late July and early August.

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