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By William R. Sutton, Peter Whitford, Emanuela Montanari Stephens, Suzette Pedroso Galinato, Bonnie Nevel, Beata Plonka, Ebru Karamete
Within the transition international locations of jap Europe and important Asia, environmental issues are lagging at the back of different elements within the agriculture and forestry sectors. the price of expanding soil salinity in a single nation is anticipated at $1 billion in line with yr, the price of soil erosion in one other at $40 million in step with yr. Agriculture and forestry can also be hugely delicate to alterations in weather. there's accordingly a severe desire for the international locations during this area to proactively combine environmental issues into regulations, courses, and investments within the agriculture and forestry sectors. in accordance with an international financial institution learn, this severe want has arisen from insufficient coverage incentives, inadequate human and institutional capacities, and absence of investment. Integrating atmosphere into Agriculture and Forestry: growth and clients in jap Europe and valuable Asia provides 10 innovations for neighborhood and foreign stakeholders on how one can handle those difficulties. one of the techniques are the necessity to improve to full-scale implementation of strategic files, the critical of utilizing financial cost-benefit research as a foundation for selection making, and the urgency of scaling up profitable pilot tasks. incorporated with the publication is a CD containing a compilation of 21 in-depth studies of environmental integration in agriculture and forestry in japanese ecu and significant Asian international locations.
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Additional resources for Integrating Environment into Agriculture and Forestry: Progress and Prospects in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
This should alleviate the strain on government budgets caused by a full-fledged extension service based on western models. Countries may find a two-tier approach desirable, with limited government and greater private sector involvement in services to larger commercial growers and a more conventional approach of geographically based extension agents for the large number of small subsistence farmers. The SEE countries (and some in EECCA) are developing Codes of Good Agricultural Practice, both to educate farmers on sustainable agricultural technologies and to set standards for certain support programs.
Recent availability of EU structural funds has led, among other things, to strengthening, harmonizing, and implementing legislation for soil, water, nutrients, pests, biodiversity, crops and forestry, improved water management, and soil conservation. In Bulgaria, the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of Forests (2006–2015), a draft Action Plan for the Development of the Forest Sector (2007–2011), and a draft of the new Forestry Law (2007) are based on the envisaged use of EU Structural Funds as specific financial instruments to better support the national forest management system and the sustainable use of forest resources.
The outlook is more positive for forestry than for agriculture. As reflected in the trends reported in Table 3, harvested timber volumes are less than the incremental growth in all countries for which data are available, protected forest areas are increasing throughout the region, and certification of forest products is gaining momentum. For example, certification covers more than 90 percent of Croatia’s forests, is growing rapidly in Russia (which accounts for 93 percent of the region’s forests), and is starting in Armenia, despite its limited financial resources.