Download Feeding the German Eagle: Soviet Economic Aid to Nazi by Edward E. Ericson III PDF
By Edward E. Ericson III
The dramatic tale of Hitler and Stalin's marriage of comfort has been acknowledged usually over the last 60 years, yet with remarkably little consensus. because the first English-language research to research the improvement, quantity, and value of the Nazi-Soviet monetary courting from Hitler's ascension to energy to the launching of Operation Barbarossa in June 1941, this booklet highlights the an important position that Soviet fiscal reduction performed in Germany's early successes in international conflict II. while Hitler's rearmament efforts left Germany dangerously wanting uncooked fabrics in 1939, Stalin used to be capable of provide precious offers of oil, manganese, grain, and rubber. In alternate, the Soviet Union might achieve territory and acquire the expertise and gear helpful for its personal rearmament efforts.However, through the summer time of 1941, Stalin's well-calculated plan had long past awry. Germany's carrying on with reliance on Soviet uncooked fabrics could, Stalin was hoping, persuade Hitler that he couldn't find the money for to invade the USSR. consequently, the Soviets persevered to provide the Reich with the assets that might later hold the Wehrmacht to the gates of Moscow and approximately price the Soviets the battle. The large use during this research of ignored resource fabric within the German files is helping unravel the long-standing debate over no matter if Stalin's overseas coverage used to be certainly one of expansionism or appeasement.
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Extra resources for Feeding the German Eagle: Soviet Economic Aid to Nazi Germany, 1933-1941
Unsure that they would get the goods that they wanted and wary of the political spectacle that would result from moving the negotiations to the Russian capital, the Germans claimed that it would be impossible to send a whole delegation, and Schnurre in particular, to Moscow because of the current heavy demand on the time of the various German economic negotiators. 77 As Wiehl explained in a January 12 memorandum, "because of the raw materials, our interest in the achievement of a favorable credit agreement is so great that it does not appear expedient to frustrate the negotiations 34 Feeding the German Eagle in any way, or even to delay them or render them essentially more difficult by a refusal of the Russian request.
45 Whether such stories are true or not, Hitler pretended not to notice these Soviet approaches, and the political relationship continued its downward slide, with the Soviet Union signing a series of nonaggression and mutual assistance pacts with neighboring states, as well as joining the League of Nations in September 1934. The economic relationship continued its parallel but mostly independent path, dominated by the Soviet desire to repay its old debt and the German plans to rearm. "46 So, while the Soviets were the ones pursuing better political relations, the combination of Soviet repayment and German rearmament was giving the USSR the upper hand in the economic negotiations.
DGFP, C, 2: 2 0 3 ^ , doc. 119. 41. DGFP, C, 2: 206, doc. 119. 42. Berenice Carroll, A Design for Total War: Arms and Economics in the Third Reich (The Hague: Mouton, 1968), 86. 43. Carroll, 87. 44. Quoted in David Dallin, Soviet Russia's Foreign Policy, 1939-1942, trans. Leon Dennen (New Haven: Yale University, 1942), 21. 45. As quoted in Christopher Andrew and Oleg Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story (New York: HarperCollins, 1990), 234. 46. Hilger and Meyer, 283. 47. DGFP, C, 3: 366-67, doc. 181.