Download Fast-Forward: Key Issues in Modernizing the U.S. by Richard Hillestad, Ben D. Van Roo, Keenan D. Yoho PDF

By Richard Hillestad, Ben D. Van Roo, Keenan D. Yoho

Effective move of freight in the usa and throughout its borders is a serious enabler of destiny U.S. monetary progress. The authors supply an outline of the freight-transportation process and the issues it faces, concluding with a dialogue of key system-modernization concerns, together with expanding potential, making the process much less at risk of disruption, addressing environmental issues, and construction help for investment.

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Additional info for Fast-Forward: Key Issues in Modernizing the U.S. Freight-Transportation System for Future Economic Growth

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The small ports attempt to compete for international freight, but the larger ports on both coasts have the important advantages of a large population of local customers and supporting infrastructure. They suggest a chicken-and-egg problem in which they cannot entice the infrastructure (rail, for example) to expand service because of low demand, but the low demand is a result of inadequate infrastructure. t Performance of the freight rail system: – Most users were concerned about the service characteristics of rail, including a lack of transparency for goods movements and uncertainty about point-to-point time.

Direct mitigation includes reductions in truck, ship, and rail emissions and fuel use through development of cleaner fuels, improved engines, and better aerodynamics. Driver education, training, and monitoring for efficient truck driving falls in this category, as does speed limiting through engine modifications. Providing electric shore power for docked ships and replacing diesel equipment in ports with electric equipment reduce local sources of pollution and energy use. t Make efficiency improvements as discussed earlier under the issue of managing and improving freight-transportation capacity.

We argue in this report that substantial capacity can be gained by enhancing the efficiency of the freight-transportation system. 3 2 A study for the Association of American Railroads (AAR) estimates that centralized traffic control could increase the capacity of a single-track system with no signal control by almost 100 percent and the capacity of a double-track system by about 50 percent in a typical rail-freight corridor (Cambridge Systematics, 2007). 3 PierPASS, a nonprofit organization created by marine-terminal operators to improve congestion and air quality at the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, has implemented a program called OffPeak.

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