Download European States and the Euro: Europeanization, Variation, by Kenneth Dyson PDF
By Kenneth Dyson
With the advent of euro notes and cash in 2002 and the chance of a united kingdom referendum at the unmarried forex, questions on how fiscal and fiscal Union is affecting eu states will come ever toward the centre of political debate correct throughout Europe. This ground-breaking booklet brings jointly top specialists within the box to envision the character of the consequences of the euro on ecu member states.
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Additional info for European States and the Euro: Europeanization, Variation, and Convergence
Both of these characteristics, it is argued, tend towards the neglect of the exchange rate as a tool of macroeconomic policy. Third, at the level of the member states there is, on the one hand, considerable pressure for convergence in terms of macroeconomic management and corporate governance practices but, on the other, there are the intense bottom-line pressures of political legitimacy in terms of social policies, national—and other— identities and the role of national democracy in an increasingly integrated economic unit.
32 GEOFFREY R. D. UNDERHILL This chapter therefore sets itself a complex task, and the analysis implies a wide range of actors and processes cutting across levels of analysis: the global, regional, national, and the increasingly transnationalized private sector. In terms of monetary and financial management in this situation of multi-level governance (Marks et al. 1 The provision of basic monetary stability through the ECB's monetary policy, combined with the other forms of macroeconomic prudence required by the Stability and Growth Pact of 1997 (European Council 1997) and other agreements, will provide a strategic framework within which the different institutional levels of the governance process and the private sector can formulate strategies and coordination in a market-oriented setting.
In contrast, mfra-EU exports constituted as much as 50% of GDP for Belgium/ Luxembourg and Ireland, 39%) for the Netherlands, though was considerably lower for some of the larger members (European Commission 2OOOC: Table 38). 3 This section draws on the arguments of an earlier article (Underbill 19990). 36 GEOFFREY R. D. UNDERHILL exchange-rate relationships will be determined by trade and capital flows and influenced by official policies. What sort of relationships will these be? Will the euro be 'strong' or 'weak'?