Download European Political Facts, 1900–1996 by Chris Cook PDF

By Chris Cook

This version is totally revised, up-to-date and enlarged, starting in 1900 instead of 1918, and documenting the momentous adjustments in eu politics on account that 1990, together with the autumn of Communism, the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the tragedy of former Yugoslavia. there's a part at the 'new state' of Europe, an enlarged element of data at the ecu Union and an multiplied word list to make this an excellent extra critical reference consultant to a turbulent century of ecu politics.

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Extra info for European Political Facts, 1900–1996

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Zita of Bourbon-Parma, succeeded his great-uncle 2 Dec 1848-21 Nov 1916 21 Nov 1916-11 Nov 1918 (deposed) The Republic was proclaimed on 12 Nov 1918. PRESIDENT X. Seits (President of the National Assembly and stood in for a head of state) M. Hainisch Dr W. Miklas 12 Nov 1918-9 Nov 1920 9 Dec 1920-4 Dec 1928 5 Dec 1928-13 Mar 1938 Austria was incorporated into the German Reich on 12 Mar 1938. For 1938-1945 see Germany. A provisional government was installed on liberation, 28 Apr 1945. PRESIDENT K.

KING Zag I, m. Countess Geraldine Apponyi 1 Sep 1928-13 Apr 1949 (formally deposed in absentia 2 Jan 1946) 14 Apr 1939-30 Nov 1943 Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (see Italy) (reigned following Italian invasion until Italian cabinet nullified his Albanian title) Between 1 Dec 1943 and 1 Dec 1945 there were provisional governments with no head of state. The Republic was proclaimed 12 Jan 1946. PRESIDENT 13 Jan 1946-24 Jul 1953 24 Jul 1953-22 Nov 1982 22 Nov 1982-8 Apr 1992 9 Apr 1992- Orner Nishani Haxhi Lleshi Ramiz Alia Sali Berisha The President is a nominal Head of State; power was held by the First Secretary of the Central Committee: Enver Hoxha, who died 11 Apr 1985, when Ramiz Alia became First Secretary.

COMECON was founded in Jan 1949, partly in response to such Western initiatives as the Marshall Plan, and ostensibly to promote economic development through the joint utilization and co-ordination of resources. In its early years, however, member states were dominated by the Stalinist drive to autarky and the Council remained a fa<;ade, functioning merely as a registration agency for bilateral foreign trade and credit agreements. The mid-1950s brought the first attempts to reduce the parallelism in member states' economies, and the Council began to function as a discussion centre for long-term plan co-ordination, a process perhaps hastened by the signature of the Treaty of Rome in 1957.

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