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By A. Najam, M. Halle, R. Meléndez-Ortiz
This publication systematically explores the exchange and setting pursuits of constructing nations from a Southern viewpoint. The individuals write explicitly approximately either hopes and fears within the South. Essays are from top specialists and proposal leaders from a variety of areas of the South who paintings for daring new agendas and priorities for his or her zone.
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Extra resources for Envisioning a Sustainable Development Agenda for Trade and Environment
More coherence and consultation between key stakeholders at the national and regional levels was seen as a worthwhile strategy for overcoming the existing capacity deﬁcits. Existing capacity building programs for trade negotiations, including current WTO trainings, were seen to be too superﬁcial. More legal capacity was urged, in order to enable developing countries to participate more fully in dispute settlement processes. Many expressed support for a bottom-up approach to capacity building, particularly where innovative mechanisms for civil society inputs could be accommodated, for instance, in the environmental sphere.
More than 80 percent of the land in the Gulf area has been classed as “degraded” as a result of wind erosion and salinization. These factors, together with industrial pollution and ship ballasts, pose a threat to the wide variety of terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity in the region. Water is an increasingly scare resource: eight out of the ﬁfteen most water scarce countries per capita in the world are located in the region (United Nations, 2003). Demand for water is far outstripping supply, with the result that more and more groundwater has been tapped, fast depleting aquifers.
Developing countries, even when hostile to the trade and environment debate, have compelling environmental priorities of their own, including many that are signiﬁcant from the point of view of trade. 6 percent, a drop of about 30 percent (The Economist, 2005; also see People’s Daily, 2004). Many other developing countries produce goods that are highly sensitive environmentally, and those countries suffer loss of market share because of environmental problems associated with that production. For example, Pakistan’s two principal exports are cotton and textiles, and leather goods; between them, they make up the majority of the country’s export income.