Download English Law in the Age of the Black Death, 1348-1381: A by Robert C. Palmer PDF

By Robert C. Palmer

Robert Palmer's pathbreaking examine exhibits how the Black dying caused gigantic alterations in either governance and legislation in fourteenth-century England, setting up the mechanisms through which the legislations tailored to social wishes for hundreds of years thereafter.
The Black loss of life killed one-third of the English inhabitants among 1348 and 1351. to maintain conventional society, the king's executive aggressively applied new punitive felony treatments as a mechanism for social keep watch over. This try to shore up conventional society actually reworked it. English governance now legitimately prolonged to regimen law of all staff, from shepherds to innkeepers, smiths, and doctors.
The new cohesiveness of the ecclesiastical and lay higher orders, the rise in material jurisdictions, the expansion of the chancellor's court docket, and the popularity of coercive contractual treatments made the Black dying in England a transformative event for legislations and for governance. Palmer's publication, in line with the entire to be had felony documents, establishes a really new interpretation and chronology of those vital felony alterations.

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Additional resources for English Law in the Age of the Black Death, 1348-1381: A Transformation of Governance and Law (Studies in Legal History)

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We have already seen that to a greater or lesser extent, according to the nature of the agrarian system, peasant families were bound to cooperate with one another. This involved mutual arrangements for sharing the natural resources beyond the cultivated arable which was separately appropriated by each family. These arrangements were strengthened by an attitude to nature which reappears frequently in peasant movements of all sorts. Kosminsky, op. , p 224. Faith, ‘Peasant families and inheritance customs’, Agric.

Jones, op. , p 781. THE NATURE OF MEDIEVAL PEASANT ECONOMY 51 sought to win salvation after death by endowing these worthy causes, and the more involved in the world the monks once again became.

In the Mediterranean areas, in parts of southwestern France and in the Rhineland, early medieval societies inherited and extended the vineyards of the Roman world. In the Alps, the Apennines, the Pyrenees and the Pennines there was inevitably a greater emphasis on pasture than on arable land. In the hard continental climates of eastern Germany, Poland and Russia rye was the predominant cereal crop, while in England cereal production could be diversified with such spring-grown crops as barley, oats and legumes.

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