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By T. H. Lloyd

The German Hanse used to be the main winning and so much far-flung exchange organization that existed in medieval and early-modern Europe. necessarily it seems that prominently in each basic research of alternate, occasionally less than the label of 'the Hanseatic League'. This, despite the fact that, is the 1st examine to be dedicated to kinfolk among the Hanse and England through the whole interval in their touch, which lasted for a few 500 years. The composition of alternate is analysed, and the fluctuations in its quantity and cost are reconstructed from basic assets, mainly customs money owed. yet alternate was once usually made attainable in simple terms by means of in depth political and diplomatic bargaining among the 2 aspects, occasionally on the point of service provider and service provider, at different instances among the English govt and the Hanse nutrition, the top authority in the German business enterprise. This point of the connection is explored in equivalent aspect.

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Extra info for England and the German Hanse, 1157-1611: A Study of their Trade and Commercial Diplomacy

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Herrings were brought chiefly to Hull and Lynn, and in the 1320s particularly to the latter port. Unfortunately, in the 1320s the nationalities of the shippers were not recorded, but it looks as if this trade was less dominated by Germans than the stockfish trade. The fish traders also imported from Norway, although much less in value, timber, goat and deer skins, butter, wool and coarse woollen cloth. The earliest specific reference to the Umlandfahrt occurs in a Kampen source of 1251. The northern Dutch towns of the IJsselmeer and the rivers which debouched into it were pioneers of the voyage and continued to participate in the fourteenth century.

CCR, 1323-7, p. 4 0 2 . Lloyd, Alien Merchants, p. 33. 30 England and the German Hanse Carta Mercatoria. 26 In 1335 the position of all alien merchants in England was significantly strengthened by a statute made in the parliament assembled at York. Until now their status had depended almost entirely upon the royal prerogative, but many of the privileges which the king had bestowed upon them conflicted with prescriptive and chartered rights of English communities. Conflict was inherent in any attempt to favour aliens, but hitherto in many quarters the claims of natives had been regarded as paramount, by virtue of that bastion of liberties - Magna Carta.

The need probably arose from renewed claims by the de Hauvill family about their rights to lastage in the principal East Anglian ports. Thomas de Hauvill, the king's hereditary falconer, leased the lastage of Boston to two Florentine merchants for two years from 30 November 1281 for 100 marks and there may well have been a dispute about his rights in Lynn. At any rate, it was later claimed that the Germans ceased to pay lastage here on 2 November 1281. There the matter rested until 1291 when, following a quo warranto enquiry, de Hauvill again attempted unsuccessfully to establish a right to lastage from the Germans at Lynn.

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