Download Empire and Cold War: The Roots of US-Third World Antagonism, by Scott L. Bills PDF
By Scott L. Bills
The second one global conflict shattered and remade the area. nice powers - the USA and the Soviet Union - warily faced one another around the smoking ruins of Europe. however the finish of battle for Europeans triggered a surge of renewed fight in colonial components, as nationalist teams sought higher autonomy or independence. The weakened, tottering empires of england, France, and the Netherlands - their myths of army and racial superiority destroyed by way of the wartime line of march - have been beset. American policymakers have been now not afforded the posh of ignoring colonial difficulties as they started to model a brand new globalism to counter Soviet effect.
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Additional info for Empire and Cold War: The Roots of US-Third World Antagonism, 1945–47
30 As it happened, there were few occasions during the war when violent protest erupted against the French administration in North Africa. OSS informants reported a policy of harsh repression in Tunisia following its reoccupation in spring 1943. There was a spiralling confrontation between Algerian nationalists and French officials, but no serious outbreak until VE Day. In Morocco, however, there were rumors of impending street demonstrations in early January 1944. American diplomats in the territory worked closely with the new French resident general, Gabriel Puaux, and were reluctant to make any contacts with Arab leaders not closely associated with the Sultan.
Mundt observed after a brief sojourn through the Mediterranean area in latter 1945, 'I think the mandate system is about dead. It is about to join the dodo bird in some body's museum'. Further, the rigid maintenance of spheres of influence would imperil global economic recovery. There must be a franker and freer discussion of access to raw materials and markets. 'The preservation of peace ... requires, in a world as complicated and as closely interknit as this modern world of ours, a great design', remarked Stettinius.
While the United States maintained regular consular relations with each of the colonial regimes in French North Africa, additional American personnel began arriving in the territories in the spring of 1941. The establishment of a small but widely dispersed network of US observers in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia resulted from a February 1941 agreement between presidential emissary Robert Murphy and General Maxime Weygand, the French delegate general in North Africa. This accord was a by-product of Roosevelt's policy of maintaining ties with the Vichy government in hopes of limiting German influence and preventing an Axis occupation of French overseas territories.