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Aegean meetings is an self sufficient, nonprofit, academic association directed and controlled by way of the medical group. The board is made from 9 researchers/scientists in a number of disciplines from Harvard, Brown, college of Pennsylvania, UCSD, Princeton, Biovista and the basis for Biomedical learn Academy of Athens.
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Extra resources for Emerging Infectious Diseases and Society
By 1991, as TB had reached epidemic levels in NYC, the media also began to report that a drug-resistant strain of TB was causing deaths in New York’s prisons. By then, multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) was already present in 13 states of the USA and in NYC (Reichman & Tanne, 2002). The cost to NYC of dealing with MDR-TB ran into millions of dollars and MDR-TB served as a catalyst, forcing restructuring of the health bureaucracy and new funding to TB programmes. Yet even after an announcement in 1990 by the NYC authorities of a dramatic rise in TB incidence, the George Bush Snr.
The development of antimicrobial drugs and vaccinations that followed in the early twentieth century built on these foundations. One of the ﬁrst beneﬁts from the discoveries of bacteriology was their practical application by Joseph Lister, then a surgeon in Glasgow, who sought to apply Pasteur’s discoveries of germ theory to his own ﬁeld. Through his experiments with carbolic acid solution swabbed on wounds, published in The Lancet in 1867, Lister found that he could markedly reduced the incidence of gangrene (Winslow, 1943).
In most people cryptosporidiosis causes self-limiting diarrhoea; however, the elderly, people with HIV and cancer, or those on immunosuppressive treatments, were more vulnerable, and they were more likely to have serious consequences when they contracted the infection (Hewitt & Schmid, 2002). Another newly identiﬁed food-borne pathogen was Cyclosporidium, which had ﬁrst been described as causing severe diarrhoea in humans in 1979. Identiﬁcation of cyclospora began to be made more often after acid-fast staining was modiﬁed in the mid-1980s, facilitating its detection.