Download Early Medieval Settlements: The Archaeology of Rural by Helena Hamerow PDF

By Helena Hamerow

The excavation of settlements has in recent times remodeled our knowing of north-west Europe within the early center a while. we will for the 1st time start to resolution basic questions similar to: what did homes seem like and the way have been they offered? how did villages and person farmsteads improve? how and whilst did agrarian construction turn into intensified and the way did this have an effect on village groups? what position did craft creation and exchange play within the rural economic climate? In a interval for which written assets are scarce, archaeology is of important value in figuring out the 'small worlds' of early medieval groups. Helena Hamerow's greatly illustrated and available learn bargains the 1st evaluation and synthesis of the massive and quickly becoming physique of facts for early medieval settlements in north-west Europe, in addition to a attention of the consequences of this facts for Anglo-Saxon England.

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Additional info for Early Medieval Settlements: The Archaeology of Rural Communities in North-West Europe 400-900 (Medieval History and Archaeology)

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Be traced across a large region stretching from southern Scandinavia to the central Netherlands (Siemen 1990; Hansen et al. 1991; Herschend 1989; Schmidt 1990 and 1994; Waterbolk 1999). g. Hedeager 1992, 196), as does their exact origin, although it has recently been suggested that the emergence and spread of the ‘Warendorf type’ house were linked to the wic (trading centre) of Dorestad (Waterbolk 1999). Their widespread appearance does, however, illustrate the ‘international’ character of architectural traditions in this period, and how these traditions appear to have ‘spread unperturbed by the political and cultural vicissitudes of the moment’ (Heidinga 1987, 54).

1299) which appears to have been broken in situ, as all the sherds were present and lay with their inner surface exposed (Witte 1994/5). The Archaeology of Buildings 33 possibility cannot be ruled out (Lorren 1989; Matthews and Hawkes 1985). 10 Indications of a wide range of activities have been found associated with sunken-featured buildings. At Flögeln, for example, thirteen such buildings contained hearths believed to have been contemporary with their use (although generally not the hearth-pits found in the longhouses; Zimmermann 1991a), while a group of sunken-featured buildings at the edge of the fifth- to sixthcentury settlement contained significant quantities of non-ferrous metalworking debris; these were, however, secondary deposits, and need not relate to the function of the buildings (Zimmermann 1992a, 212).

The sunken-featured buildings found at Mondeville and other settlements in northern France differ from the Grubenhäuser associated with settlements in northern Germany and Scandinavia, both in the occasional use of stone and in the placement of the posts. This has given rise to a debate about whether these reflect a Germanic presence or influence, or derive instead from an indigenous late Antique tradition, a question which receives further consideration below (Périn 1992, 226–7; Farnoux 1987, 35).

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