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By Nico Schrijver

In view that 1945, the UN has been actively engaged in conceptualizing innovations for either fiscal improvement and a sustainable atmosphere. From a wide historic viewpoint, improvement with out Destruction sketches the function performed through businesses and contributors within the UN approach in constructing and consolidating ideas of overseas legislations and overseas governance with admire to common source administration. Nico Schrijver highlights the UN's efforts to generate and enforce techniques to unravel tensions among monetary improvement and environmental defense, conservation and exploitation, sovereignty and internationalism, and armed clash and peaceable entry to usual assets. Schrijver's thorough research is an necessary advisor to administration of the serious environmental concerns on latest international schedule.

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Extra resources for Development without Destruction: The UN and Global Resource Management (United Nations Intellectual History Project Series)

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One was the 1929 case concerning the International Commission of the River Oder, in which the court had to determine whether the jurisdiction of the international commission extended to the sections of the Oder’s tributaries Warthe (Warta) and Netze Noteć, which were situated in Polish territory, and if so, which principle had to be adopted for determining the upstream limits of the commission’s jurisdiction. ” At the same time, however, the court observed that: when consideration is given to the manner in which States have regarded the concrete situations arising out of the fact that a single waterway traverses or separates the territory of more than one State, and the possibility of fulfilling the requirements of justice and the considerations of utility which this fact places in relief, it is at once seen that a solution of the problem has been sought not in the idea of a right of passage in favour of upstream States, but in that of a community of interest of riparian States.

Yet the rise of the Roman empire ended this development. In the Middle Ages, examples of international organization include the Hanseatic League, a trade coalition of cities in the North of Europe, and the league Historical Background 15 of Swiss cantons (the Everlasting League), which was set up for defensive purposes. Any form of international cooperation between states, however, proved impossible due to continuous power struggles between the European empires. 2 Averse to the continuing threat of war, various seventeenth- and eighteenthcentury philosophers elaborated on the idea of a general peace organization.

31 The emerging perception that marine species could become overharvested and depleted also triggered the establishment in 1902 of the first organization entrusted with the coordination of scientific research on fisheries, the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES),32 which later began to provide scientific advice under a number of fisheries conventions. The establishment of the ICES indicated that the prevailing idea of inexhaustibility of living resources had begun to change and that people were beginning to see scientific information as the necessary basis for conservation measures.

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