Download Costly Democracy: Peacebuilding and Democratization after by Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie D. Evenson, PDF
By Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie D. Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, Nora Roehner
Peacebuilding is an interactive strategy that comprises collaboration among peacebuilders and the positive elites of a postwar society. whereas probably the most trendy assumptions of the peacebuilding literature asserts that the pursuits of family elites and peacebuilders coincide, Costly Democracy contends that they not often align.
It unearths that, whereas family elites in postwar societies may possibly wish the assets that peacebuilders can carry, they can be much less desirous to undertake democracy, believing that democratic reforms might endanger their considerable pursuits. The ebook deals comparative analyses of contemporary situations of peacebuilding to deepen realizing of postwar democratization and higher clarify why peacebuilding missions usually carry peace—but seldom democracy—to war-torn international locations.
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Extra resources for Costly Democracy: Peacebuilding and Democratization after War
Leverage, Adoption Costs, and the Peacebuilding Game 29 Adoption Costs and Leverage We define adoption costs as the perceived costs to domestic political actors of adopting democracy as part of a peacebuilding process. Depending on their situation at the time of peace, domestic political actors stand either to lose or to gain by committing to democratic politics, and the stakes may be considerable. ”22 For democracy to succeed, domestic political actors must be willing to accept uncertain outcomes in exchange for definite political procedures.
In the unlikely event that both secondary elites and domestic political actors do accept, then the game is over and peacebuilders, domestic political actors, and secondary elites engage in cooperative peacebuilding. If secondary elites reject the offer, however, then domestic political actors face a choice: Either they can renegotiate the package with peacebuilders (which will lead to a less liberal and therefore compromised peacebuilding effort), or they can try to force secondary elites to accept peacebuilders’ original offer, risking a new round of violence—an option palatable to neither peacebuilders nor domestic political actors.
18 Mozambique’s sixteen-year war (1977–1992) was also heavily influenced by its regional context. Exclusionary regimes in Rhodesia and South Africa fueled an enduring internal conflict sustained by the government’s heavy-handed socialist agenda, economic collapse, and ethnoregional grievances. The end of apartheid shifted regional circumstances to favor peace. The war was ended with the help of a sizable UN intervention force (UNOMOZ, or United Nations Operation in Mozambique) with a robust mandate, a strong leader, and adequate resources bolstered by an engaged and informed group of donors who worked with the government to address the drought and humanitarian emergency that followed in the wake of war.