Download Contemporary Political Ideologies by Anthony Wright, Roger Eatwell PDF
By Anthony Wright, Roger Eatwell
This significant new textual content severely assesses the foremost political ideologies of the 20 th century. The Seventies and Eighties witnessed a flowering of recent and renowned ideologies, akin to feminism and ecologism, and a revival of others, significantly liberalism. The upheavals of the early Nineteen Nineties have initiated clean debate among significant thinkers at the nature of ideology, a lot of it notwithstanding adverse or polemical. "Modern Political Ideologies" examines in an target scholarly demeanour the evolution of key political ideologies and assesses their impression and improvement through the twentieth century. This quantity is key analyzing for all scholars of politics, and certainly someone who has an curiosity in present occasions and needs to obtain a deeper knowing of the character, scope and ambition of alternative ideologies.
It is now to be had in a revised and increased moment edition(1999).
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Indeed, in The Future ofSocialism Crosland wrote a prophetic paragraph which the Left could use to fault a revisionist approach to British politics in the late 1970s and 1980s: 24 The Resurgence of Ideology Economic politics are characteristic of any country to which a Marxist analysis might be plausibly applied. Thus they are typical of periods of growing pauperisation, depression and mass unemployment, falling real wages, and a sharp polarisation of classes. It is at such times, when a direct clash of economic interests occurs between clear cut productive classes against a background of material scarcity, that economic issues are the main determinants of political attitudes.
A. Butler, Chancellor in the subsequent Conservative government) parties had different priorities: Labour seeking to extend the services of the welfare state and the boundaries of the public sector, the Conservatives placing more emphasis on private consumption rather than public expenditure and the 'social wage'. In 8 The Resurgence of Ideology specific fields of policy differences were very marked. The Conservatives, for example, in the sphere of education supported a meritocratic grammar-school system in pursuit of equality of opportunity, whereas the Labour Party when in power from 1964 sought to secure comprehensive, non-selective education as a road to a much more substantive view of equality.
For example, in the economic sphere, if the state rescues industries which have priced themselves out of markets, is there any incentive for workers and managements to take full responsibility for their actions whether in the sphere of wage claims or investment discussions? In the sphere of welfare, if the state provides, free at the point of delivery, a full range of personal social services, for example to the aged, this decreases the sense of responsibility which children have to care for and provide for aged and infirm people.