Download Conserving and valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity: by K N Ninan, Achim Steiner PDF

By K N Ninan, Achim Steiner

This can be the main entire ebook to handle the commercial, social and institutional problems in retaining biodiversity. It covers a variety of matters akin to biodiversity, environment prone and valuation within the context of numerous ecosystems akin to tropical forests, marine components, wetlands and agricultural landscapes, non-timber woodland items, incentives and associations, funds for environment prone, governance, highbrow estate rights and the security of conventional wisdom, administration of safe parts, and weather swap and biodiversity.It additionally covers the appliance of environmental economics and institutional economics to assorted instances and using ideas resembling contingent valuation procedure and video game thought. The publication spans the globe with case reports drawn from a move part of areas and continents together with the united kingdom, US, Europe, Australia, India, Africa and South America.Contributors contain Jeffrey McNeely, Charles Perrings, Clem Tisdell, Timothy Swanson, Lucy Emerton, R Kerry Turner, Ian Batemen, John Loomis, Leslie Richardson, Unai Pascual, Timothy Hass, Krystyna Swiderska, Regina Birner, Randall Kramer, Jane Kabubo-Mariara, Ernest L Molua, and others.

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The question of which institutional set up or management regime (or governance type) is most appropriate for protected areas cannot be easily resolved (Ninan, 1996; Ninan et al, 2007). While some argue that state or government managed protected areas are most suitable for biodiversity conservation and wildlife protection, others argue the case for community managed protected areas, especially in areas where indigenous or local communities depend heavily on these forests for their livelihoods; still others favour co-management where different stakeholders are represented, or privately managed wildlife reserves (as in Southern Africa).

There are conflicts between western and local legal systems regarding the use and management of genetic resources, and social and equity issues, especially the rights of indigenous communities and protection of their traditional knowledge. The Philippines is home to a large indigenous population comprising almost 20 per cent of her population. The conflicts between IPRs and protecting the rights and traditional knowledge of indigenous communities are present in the Philippines also. Swanson et al (Chapter 14) traces the phases and movements, and legal reform effected in the Philippines to conform to its international obligations and protect the interests of indigenous communities.

At the same time, many of the policy instruments that are being used in the name of promoting development have acted to make conservation financially unprofitable and economically undesirable. The case of Lao PDR illustrates a situation, and highlights an apparent paradox, that is also found in many other parts of the world. If biodiversity has such a demonstrably high economic and livelihood value, especially for the poorest, then why is it persistently marginalized by the very economic policies and funding flows that are tied to strengthening livelihoods, reducing poverty and achieving sustainable socio-economic development?

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