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By Alexander Murray

Alexander Murray has lengthy had an highbrow curiosity within the historical past of faith - suffering among his in-built anti-clericism and his said monastic leanings. The 5 essays in judgment of right and wrong and Authority within the Medieval Church tackle this dialectic, addressing the tricky courting among deepest judgment of right and wrong and public authority within the 12th and 13th centuries. In any association, political, army, advertisement, or non secular, the connection of judgment of right and wrong and authority is often most likely fraught, and will create dilemmas either for these in authority and people with out. This quantity documents how our eu predecessors approached and handled a similar dilemmas as we are facing within the smooth global.

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Vita s. 36–41. 17–18. 95 Vita s. Brun. Signiae, Day 4, lectio iv, §22, 482F (‘veniam peterent’). When John, the next bishop of Segni, visited Monte Cassino, some of its monks ‘eidem episcopo peccatum, quod in B. Brunonem commiserant, cum magna sunt contritione cordis confessi, suppliciter rogantes, et postulantes ab eo’ for a relic of Bruno; Day 5, lectio ii, §26, 483F. 96 Vita s. Pet. , c. 24, 238A. Note the absence of confession in c. 31, 240AB. 97 Gesta episc. . 45–7: ‘se peccatorem esse . .

45–7: ‘se peccatorem esse . . est confessus . . sese coram Deo accusaret’. 98 Vita Joh. Morin. , 1144. 25–7. 38–41. Cf. pp. 45–6 below. 99 G. 100 St Benedict’s rule prescribes it (c. 101 In the eleventh or twelfth century, therefore, to find a monk confessing is not the same as finding a layman doing so. The Miracula sancti Nicholai illustrate this. The monks of St Nicholas are in a boat in a storm, and all on board fear for their lives. 103 Again, a genuine case of confession occurs in the Fleury miracle-book.

The priest was Peter of Corbeil. Canon law: Decretalia, Bk V, tit. xxxvii, c. 8; Friedberg, Corpus iuris canonici, II, 886. 30 Conscience and Authority in the Medieval Church general lesson is that the decrees of 1215, before they could reach the millions for whose welfare they were intended, had to pass down several layers of the church hierarchy, each with its own priorities and measure of obedience. 53 Now we happen to know, from other sources, that the canon Omnis utriusque sexus did have considerable effect,54 and this fact has helped deceive the unwary into thinking that a pope like Innocent III only had to decree something, and it was done.

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