Download Climate Strategy: Between Ambition and Realism (WRR by The Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy PDF

By The Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy

Based on the UN-sponsored Intergovernmental Panel on weather swap, present international adjustments in weather are 90-95% more likely to were brought on, a minimum of partially, by way of human task. This hard research of the present worldwide weather fight indicates 3 classes of useful motion for fixing the weather challenge and demonstrates their viability: edition to the replaced weather, collection of all over the world innovations for mitigation till 2050, and an across the world coordinated attempt to enforce those regulations. A hugely readable and obtainable addition to weather technique and coverage, this quantity offers a refreshingly cutting edge examine present international weather tasks.

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2 looks at how the energy mix could be addressed. 3 explores ways of bringing about the required innovation. 1 Key conditions: coal, electricity, developing countries Coal is the crucial fossil fuel The main fossil fuels are gas, oil and coal. Finding an alternative to gas has the lowest priority, as gas has the lowest CO2 emissions per unit energy, while coal has the highest. There is therefore if anything an argument for extending the use of gas in the coming decades, especially at the expense of coal.

Anthropogenic methane emissions are largely caused by leaking pipelines (half the total emissions come from the former USSR), rotting waste, etc. Methane emissions could be cut by 20-40% at many sources at relatively low cost, primarily through the transfer of best practice technology and expertise, especially in relation to landfill and the processing of sewage sludge. Emissions from energy production and transport (gas, oil, coal) could be reduced by 80% using existing technology, and at least half this reduction could be brought about using measures which would be of financial benefit to industry.

At provincial and local level, agricultural interests and housing interests weighed more heavily than at central government level. The ‘interactive decision-making’ meant that interests contributed by central government were weighed against provincial and local interests. While this is not a mistaken approach in itself, in matters of national importance it is key that this should result in a better ‘fit’ in the local context rather than a watering down of national objectives. 41 climate strategy - between ambition and realism Measures to increase flood safety require support.

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