Download Climate Change and Social Movements: Civil Society and the by Eugene Nulman PDF
By Eugene Nulman
Climate swap and Social activities is a riveting and thorough exploration of 3 vital campaigns to persuade weather switch coverage within the uk. the writer delves deep into the campaigns and illuminates the best way policymakers take into consideration and reply to social movements.
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Extra info for Climate Change and Social Movements: Civil Society and the Development of National Climate Change Policy
They protested and published pamphlets during COP 6 and, after negotiations broke down, attended COP 6–2 in Bonn in 2001, where activists held a 300-strong critical mass bike protest, protested carbon credits at a conference meeting, demonstrated by having 500 people lock arms to create a human chain, and dropped a large banner from a crane outside the conference center and later unfurled another banner inside the conference center (SchNEWS, 2001). Mobilization increased in 2001 when George W. Bush took office as president of the United States, leading the US government to openly reject the Kyoto Protocol in 2001.
COP 15 ended with a document known as the Copenhagen Accord, a non-binding statement endorsing a continuation of the Kyoto Protocol, acknowledging the importance of preventing an increase in global temperatures of two degrees Celsius, and agreeing to establish new emission targets by February 2010. The Copenhagen Accord did not set out specific or overall targets, and the deadline for targets was later seen as a ‘soft deadline’. Following Copenhagen, activism around climate change had significantly reduced.
These ideas were opposed by major Northern delegations, particularly the United States (Rahman and Roncerel, 1994, 258). Progress did not come easy for ENGOs. Many were frustrated with the lack of will on the part of many developed countries, but experienced negotiators reassured them that ‘this was only the natural working of the UN system’ and ‘only the beginning of a process’ (Rahman and Roncerel, 1994, 258; also see Paterson, 1996, 53). 9 The Earth Summit included 172 countries, over 115 heads of state or government, 9,000 members of the press, and over 3,000 NGO representatives (Adams, 2001, 80).