Download Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century, Volume 3: by Fernand Braudel PDF

By Fernand Braudel

The concluding quantity of the trilogy charts the expansion of the realm financial system from the 15th to the eighteenth century targeting the human job that underlies the company of existence - the bustle of the industry, the good manipulators of capital, the labour of the slave, the peasant and manufacturing facility employees, the models of the wealthy and the increase of the good monetary centres of Genoa, Venice, Amsterdam and London.

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Extra info for Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century, Volume 3: Perspective Of World

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War was a form of salvation for her. Empire and world-economy The empire, a sort of super-state which might cover the entire area of a world­ economy, presents us with a broader problem. On the whole, the world-empires, as Wallerstein calls them, were no doubt archaic formations, representing ancient triumphs of the political over the economic. But during the period covered by this book, they were still in existence outside the western world: the Mogul Empire in India, the Chinese and Persian Empires, the Ottoman Empire and the Empire of the Tsars in Muscovy .

Venice insisted that all Adriatic trade ought to pass through her port and under her control, whatever its destination . 35 Roundships putting in at Venice. V. Carpaccio, The Legend of Saint Ursula, detail of the departure of the betrothed couple. (Photo Anderson-Giraudon . ) 38 The Perspective of the World The pattern of domination exerted by Venice can be found elsewhere as well. Essentially it rests upon a dialectic between a market economy developing almost unaided and spontaneously, and an over-arching economy which seizes these humble activities from above, redirects them and holds them at its mercy.

But if one of those meanings was to be paramount, it would be that which implied a defence against others. For mercantilism was above all a means of self-defence. The prince or state which applied its rules was no doubt following the fashion, but at the same time admitting an inferiority which had to be tempered or made good. Holland was only mercantilist at certain very rare moments - precisely those at which she was aware of an external threat. As a rule unchallenged , she was able to practise free trade with impunity since it could only benefit her.

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