Download Civil Happiness: Economic and Human Flourishing In by Luigino Bruni PDF
By Luigino Bruni
This quantity provides an historic assessment of the evolution of monetary proposal, from fiscal philosophy to modern mathematical economics, and its critique of ways the human and social dimensions of economics were misplaced.
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Additional resources for Civil Happiness: Economic and Human Flourishing In Historical Perspective
Such psychological theories are based on the hedonic adaptation or set-point theory. According to set-point theories, there is a level of happiness that remains practically constant during the lifecycle, because personality and temperament variables seem to play a strong role in determining the level of happiness of individuals. Such characteristics are basically innate to individuals. In other words, in the long run, we are ﬁxed at hedonic neutrality, and our efforts to make ourselves happier by gaining good life circumstances are only short-term solutions.
From the land of comuni, the Signorie turned Italy into a land ravaged by continuous wars and mercenary armies. With an atmosphere of fear and malaise looming over the peninsula, philosophers took refuge in neo-Platonism, magical esoterism and utopian literature. Personally outraged by the incivility of his times, Machiavelli gave politics autonomy, founded on new anthropological bases far from the Aristotelian and civic traditions. Because civil virtues had proved to be incapable of creating a national consciousness and maintaining peace, a different basis to justify the possibility for peaceful cohabitation was needed.
By distinguishing between two humanisms (the ﬁrst “civic” and the second “un-civic”),52 Baron and Garin placed themselves at a distance from the classic work of Jacob Burckhardt (1869) who said 26 From the “civil” to the “uncivil” animal Italian humanism in general was the origin of modern individualism – to Baron and Garin, only the second humanism (after the 1450s) was individualistic. 53 They are the same souls that were to give life to the two diverse traditions in modern social sciences, which we will analyse in later chapters.