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By R.J. Holton

Towns, Capitalism and Civilization appears to be like on the personality and forte of Western Civilization. R.J. Holton units out to problem the idea that towns and concrete social periods have shaped the most element of the improvement of civilization, and the primary dynamic of Western capitalism. This publication was once first released in 1986.

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Additional resources for Cities, Capitalism and Civilization (Routledge Library Editions: The City)

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16 But the remedy lies not in a losing battle for better grants but in finding new forms of student (and perhaps university) finance. These problems do not, however, end at university. One result of the great expansion of higher education is that the number of graduates has exceeded the growth· in the number of jobs of sufficient status to meet their expectations. The latter is admittedly a highly subjective notion; but many graduates now do jobs for which a degree was formerly neither necessary nor usual.

This would involve payments Capitalism and the Permissive Society to students to cover fees and living expenses, and ease of transfer of such payments from one institution to another free of the quirks of local education authorities. The chances of such a use of taxpayers' or ratepayers' money to increase effective student power under the present grant system are almost nil. The only way that students could acquire larger sums to spend at their discretion would be if part or the whole of these sums were in the form of student loans, with repayment obligations related to future earnings.

Anyone who believes these observations exaggerated should turn to that extremely useful publication, Nicholas Saunders' Alternative LondonY Its second longest chapter is 32 Capitalism and the Permissive Society entitled 'Mystical' (coming behind 'Crafts' but in front of 'Drugs' in terms of length). This opens with a lament that the Christian churches have lost the essence of religion, which is 'to let the pure light inside flow out freely rather than ooze out discoloured'. Another analogy is to see oneself 'as God suppressed by being encased by layers of shit'.

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