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By John Boswell

"Truly groundbreaking paintings. Boswell unearths unexplored phenomena with an unfailing erudition."—Michel Foucault

John Boswell's nationwide publication Award-winning examine of the heritage of attitudes towards homosexuality within the early Christian West was once a groundbreaking paintings that challenged preconceptions concerning the Church's prior courting to its homosexual members—among them monks, bishops, or even saints—when it used to be first released twenty-five years in the past. The historic breadth of Boswell's examine (from the Greeks to Aquinas) and the diversity of assets consulted make this essentially the most vast remedies of any unmarried element of Western social heritage. Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality, nonetheless fiercely correct this day, helped shape the disciplines of homosexual and gender reports, and it maintains to light up the origins and operations of intolerance as a social force.
"What makes this paintings so fascinating isn't really easily its content—fascinating even though that is—but its progressive problem to a few of Western culture's such a lot general ethical assumptions."—Jean Strouse, Newsweek

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Extra info for Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century

Example text

The monuments of love are principally literary: what bills of sale and tax records are to economic history, poems and letters are to the history of personal relations and attitudes toward them. As a consequence, this study has relied rather more than most historical texts on literary sources. Such works often concentrate on the unusual and may present the bizarre rather than the ordinary, but this is also true of more conventional historical sources, which usually record events of note rather than common occurrences.

The contrast between the text and translation of no. 3 is esp. , Ghazelsfrom the Divan of Hafiz, trans. ]. H. McCarthy [New York, 1893]) were even worse. , Arthur Guy, Les poemes erotiques ou ghazels de Chems Ed Din Mohammed Hafiz [Paris, 1927], with helpful analysis of the ambiguous relationship between the" beloved" and the" Divine" in the poems [esp. pp. xxii-xxiv]; cf. Vincent Monteuil, "Neuf qazal de Hafiz," Revue des etudes islamiques [1954], pp. 21-57, with facing transliteration of the Persian).

Timarchus, Demosthenes' Erotikos, and a few other public orations on the subject constitute rare exceptions to this. 23 Introduction literary antecedent in a previous culture, its appearance in a later one is no longer significant in any context other than that of artistic derivation. If Roman writers imitate Greek homosexual poetry, for instance, one is assured that such verses are simply imitations and that they do not represent real feelings. One supposes that if Greeks could be shown to have imitated earlier forms, they would not have experienced homosexual feelings either, and the real enterprise of historical scholarship must be to discover the original people who alone experienced real emotions, bequeathing to the rest of the human race the motifs which are mechanically imitated in all subsequent literature.

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