Download Cathedral, Forge and Waterwheel: Technology and Invention in by Frances Gies, Joseph Gies PDF

By Frances Gies, Joseph Gies

An illuminating examine the enormous innovations of the center a while, by way of the authors of existence in a Medieval Castle.

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Additional resources for Cathedral, Forge and Waterwheel: Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages

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It might be possible to observe in one kingdom a process of territorial consolidation, complemented by the development of certain administrative procedures, by the effective exploitation of natural resources, and by the emergence of a hierarchical and well-regulated society; but it would be a mistake to assume that one pattern of development would necessarily have been repeated elsewhere. Some 'kingdoms' may have existed only as a particular configuration of peoples united in their recognition of a common ruler, and might have dissolved at the time of his death, to be superseded (if at all) by alliances of a different kind; some local peoples may have retained a sense of their own identity for longer than others, and might have proved the more resistant to the imposition of the will of a distant king; and indeed, in some parts of the country the people may not have known much of the rule of any king, and might have placed their trust in a local church, or in the agents of a quite 4 See Blackburn, in Grierson and Blackburn (1986), pp.

It is also clear that the Tribal Hidage dates from a period when 'the land of the Mercians' would Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 24 SIMON KEYNES have been understood to apply to a territory more extensive than the original Mercian heartland, and in that sense it must represent a situation achieved after a process of Mercian expansion, or during a period of wider Mercian 'supremacy'. On this argument, the Tribal Hidage might be assigned to almost any point in the period from the mid-seventh century to the mid-ninth century.

A hagiographer to some degree was not only providing an edifying account of the deeds of a holy man or woman; he or she was also expressing the identity of a community and identifying that community's fortunes with those of the saint. The virtues of the saint were regarded as exemplary and suitable as an inducement for those reading or hearing about them to embrace the religious life as completely as possible. Accordingly a Vita can also be an essential key to understanding religious expectations and moral aspirations.

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