Download Die Macht der Parlamente: Funktionen und Leistungsprofile by Martin Sebaldt PDF

By Martin Sebaldt

Die Studie arbeitet erstens heraus, wie das Funktionsspektrum moderner Parlamente weltweit differiert. Gegenstand dieser komparativen examine sind die Volksvertretungen von 23 "alten", d.h. konsolidierten und zugleich traditionsreichen Demokratien. Zweitens wird analysiert, wie das jeweilige parlamentarische Funktionsprofil (Regierungsbildung, Gesetzgebung, Kontrolle, Repräsentation und Kommunikation) durch bestimmte Kontextvariablen (Regierungssystem, Parteienlandschaft, politische Vetospielergefüge etc.) beeinflusst wird. Drittens wird untersucht, welche spezifischen parlamentarischen Leistungsbilanzen (Gewährleistung von Regierungsstabilität, effektiver Gesetzgebung, Haushaltsdisziplin, Bürgervertrauen) aus der jeweiligen Machtausstattung resultieren. Das lässt dann Schlüsse darüber zu, ob durch bestimmte Funktionsprofile und Kontextbedingungen optimale parlamentarische Leistungen erzielbar sind.

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Download Justice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives by Klaus R. Scherer PDF

By Klaus R. Scherer

During this ebook, which used to be initially released in 1992, Klaus Scherer introduced jointly prime students from the social sciences to debate theoretical and empirical reports of justice. They tested the character of justice from the viewpoint of philosophy, economics, legislations, sociology and psychology, and explored attainable traces of convergence. A severe exam of theories of justice from Plato and Aristotle, via Marx, to Rawls and Habermas heads a set which addresses the function of justice in economics and the legislations and which evaluates sociological and mental stances relating to justice distributive and procedural. the entire fabric is of transparent cross-disciplinary curiosity; and this wide and authoritative survey of pondering at the subject will entice all researchers within the quarter, no matter what their heritage, in addition to to these confronting problems with justice in legislation politics and company.

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Download Doing History From the Bottom Up: On E.P. Thompson, Howard by Staughton Lynd PDF

By Staughton Lynd

Within the Nineteen Sixties historians on either side of the Atlantic started to problem the assumptions in their colleagues and push for an figuring out of background "from below." during this assortment, Staughton Lynd, himself one of many pioneers of this strategy, laments the passing of fellow luminaries David Montgomery, E.P. Thompson, Alfred younger, and Howard Zinn, and makes the case that modern lecturers and activists alike may still take extra heavily the tales and views of local americans, slaves, rank-and-file staff, and different still-too-frequently marginalized voices.

Staughton Lynd is an American conscientious objector, Quaker, peace activist and civil rights activist, tax resister, historian, professor, writer, and attorney.

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Download Regieren in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Innen- und by Manfred G. Schmidt, Reimut Zohlnhöfer PDF

By Manfred G. Schmidt, Reimut Zohlnhöfer

Der Band untersucht die Zusammenhänge zwischen politischen Institutionen, politischem Prozess und politischen Inhalten in allen wichtigen Politikfeldern der Innen- und Außenpolitik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit 1949. Dabei werden typische Politikmuster herausgearbeitet und ihre Veränderung über die Zeit nachgezeichnet. In jedem Kapitel wird nach Kontinuität und Diskontinuität der Willensbildung und der politischen Inhalte gefragt, nach den Wirkungen von Regierungs- und Oppositionsparteien und des Parteienwettbewerbs und nach der Bedeutung der europäischen Integration für die Politik in Deutschland.

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Download Israel's Security Networks: A Theoretical and Comparative by Gabriel Sheffer, Oren Barak PDF

By Gabriel Sheffer, Oren Barak

Because the institution of the nation of Israel in 1948, and especially after the Israeli-Arab conflict of 1967, a hugely casual yet at the same time powerful defense community has encouraged Israel's household sphere. Composed of appearing and previous protection team of workers and their companions within the state's a number of civilian spheres, this defense community has affected Israeli tradition, politics, society, economic climate, public discourse, and international kin. This ebook discusses this significant sociopolitical phenomenon and its results in a comparative and theoretical viewpoint. First, it defines Israel's protection community in a large theoretical and comparative point of view. moment, it explains how Israel's defense community emerged and bought a hegemonic place within the quarter of nationwide defense and overseas coverage. 3rd, it describes the safety community and identifies its contributors. Fourth, it discusses and explains the multitude of roles that Israel's defense community has come to play either locally and externally. 5th, it discusses related phenomena in different suitable circumstances. ultimately, it offers basic analytical and theoretical conclusions.

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Download Embodied Power: Demystifying Disembodied Politics by Mary Hawkesworth PDF

By Mary Hawkesworth

Embodied energy explores dimensions of politics seldom addressed in political technological know-how, illuminating kingdom practices that produce hierarchically-organized teams via racialized gendering—despite promises of formal equality. demanding disembodied money owed of citizenship, the e-book strains how glossy technology and legislation produce race, gender, and sexuality as purportedly traditional features, overlaying their political genesis. Taking the us as a case research, Hawkesworth demonstrates how varied legislation and regulations pertaining to civil and political rights, schooling, housing, and welfare, immigration and securitization, policing and felony justice create finely honed hierarchies of distinction that constitution the existence clients of fellows and ladies of specific races and ethnicities inside of and throughout borders. as well as documenting the continued operation of embodied strength throughout assorted coverage terrains, the publication investigates complicated methods of on the grounds that render raced-gendered relatives of domination and subordination invisible. From universal assumptions approximately individualism and colorblind belief to disciplinary norms equivalent to methodological individualism, methodological nationalism, and summary universalism, tricky presuppositions maintain flawed notions pertaining to formal equality and criminal neutrality that let country practices of racialized gendering to flee detection with profound outcomes for the lifestyles clients of privileged and marginalized teams. via sustained critique of those fallacious suppositions, Embodied energy demanding situations valuable ideals in regards to the nature of strength, the scope of country motion, and the perform of liberal democracy and identifies substitute theoretical frameworks that make racialized-gendering seen and actionable. Key gains: Demonstrates how understandings of politics swap while the studies of fellows and ladies of various sessions, races, and ethnicities are put on the heart of study. Explains why race-neutral and gender-neutral rules fail to get rid of entrenched inequalities. exhibits how authorised tools in political technology (and the social sciences extra often) masks country practices that create and maintain racial and gender inequality. lines how fallacious notions of organic determinism have diverted consciousness from political methods of racialization, gendering, and sexualization. Argues that the intersecting different types of race, type, gender, and sexuality are necessary to all subfields of political technology if modern energy is to be studied systematically.

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Download On Politics: A History of Political Thought from Herodotus by Alan Ryan PDF

By Alan Ryan

3 many years within the making, essentially the most bold and finished histories of political philosophy in approximately a century.

Both a background and an exam of human proposal and behaviour spanning 3 thousand years, On Politics thrillingly strains the origins of political philosophy from the traditional Greeks to Machiavelli in booklet I and from Hobbes to the current age in publication II. even if studying Lord Acton’s dictum that “absolute energy corrupts absolutely” or explicating John Stuart Mill’s competition that it truly is “better to be a human upset than a pig satisfied,” Alan Ryan conjures up the lives and minds of our best thinkers in a fashion that makes interpreting approximately them a transcendent event. no matter if writing approximately Plato or Augustine, de Toqueville or Thomas Jefferson, Ryan brings a knowledge to his textual content that illuminates John Dewey’s trust that the position of philosophy is much less to work out fact than to reinforce adventure. With this extraordinary travel de strength, Ryan emerges in his personal correct as some of the most influential political philosophers of our time.

Review

“With an unrivaled magisterial command, Alan Ryan powerfully reminds and teaches us how the best thinkers considering that vintage instances can and needs to tell our debates over the way to envision the higher international we needs to build.” (Anthony W. Marx, President, ny Public Library )

“Alan Ryan has created a imaginative and prescient of the total surge of Western political suggestion that is equivalent to the heroic enterprise of George Sabine, which I studied in my adolescence. Ryan demonstrates all through vivacity, and a tenacious seize of the human which means of every little thing that has transpired in political hypothesis from the ancients on throughout the threshhold of our personal darkish age. I commend quite his terse eloquence, his capacious erudition, and the verve and really appropriate depth with which he by some means permits his complete being to notify his sizeable scope and deep crisis of our human limitations.” (Harold Bloom )

“In a piece of mind-blowing scope and ambition, Alan Ryan, surveying the entire huge box, concisely charts the welter of conflicting positions and tracks the occasionally exciting, occasionally catastrophic effects of political thought.” (Stephen Greenblatt, writer of *The Swerve: How the realm grew to become smooth* )

“If you need to comprehend why we predict as we do, return to the traditional Greeks. Alan Ryan brilliantly explains why that's true—and why it matters.” (Mary Beard, writer of *The Roman Triumph* )

“Alan Ryan has taken an enormous diversity of difficult fabric written over twenty 5 centuries within the West and engaged with it in prose of wonderful readability. He monitors the intrinsic curiosity of mirrored image on writers from Herodotus to the previous day, whereas exhibiting the way it could be a strong source for facing politics this day. it really is an awesome fulfillment to mix lots studying with such lucidity.” (Anthony Appiah, writer of *Cosmopolitanism* )

“In an age of specialization, we now have misplaced a lot of the feel of the sweep of the tale of Western pondering politics. In his new e-book, Alan Ryan has recovered the greatness and deficiencies of that have. ...Written with an outstanding readability and presence of voice, Ryan’s publication is the simplest complete assertion of the achievements and screw ups of the Western liberal tradition.” (Tracy B. robust, UCSD unique Professor, Political technological know-how division, college of California, San Diego )

“In lucid, targeted and obtainable prose, Alan Ryan has written an extraordinary consultant for our occasions to the Western culture of political inspiration. From Herodotus in the course of the Christian international and the increase of modernity to our personal time, readers should be influenced to mirror on historic, modern and perennial questions.” (Steven Lukes, writer of *Power: a thorough View* )

“Alan Ryan’s excellent survey brings the key thinkers to the desk, orchestrating a provocative and enlightening dialog around the centuries that provides clean and illuminating views on perennial political difficulties. students and engaged voters will appreciate participating of Ryan’s highbrow feast.” (Peter Onuf, writer of *Jefferson’s Empire* )

“Magisterial… in additional than one thousand pages, Alan Ryan, an established Oxford professor who now teaches at Princeton, undertakes to introduce the reader to many of the significant political thinkers in Western history…The tensions of recent liberal democratic societies are the highbrow motor of the book… vigorous and intellectually engaging… On Politics, just like the nice works of philosophy it examines, constitutes a strong short opposed to the unexamined life.” (Adam Kirsch - *New Yorker* )

“Monumental… on the center of the venture is a trust that these items issues, that the thinkers it revolves around—Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, Karl Marx—remain suitable and fresh… The publication is a distillation of [Alan Ryan’s] considering, either highbrow and useful, and even though it could be daunting, the triumph is how, as Ryan takes us throughout the fabric, he makes it rather a lot more.” (David Ulin - *Los Angeles occasions* )

“Starting with Herodotus and concluding with present debates over the surroundings and humanitarian intervention, Alan Ryan covers a unprecedented diversity of fabric with fluency and wisdom… As an obtainable advent to the character of political suggestion in addition to a advisor to what's maximum exponents have argued, On Politics may perhaps scarcely be bettered. …On Politics is a phenomenal and unique work.” (Oliver Kamm - *Times of London* )

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