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By Alison Galloway

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Extra resources for Broken Bones: Anthropological Analysis of Blunt Force Trauma

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Pathological descriptions or interpretations of soft tissue should be avoided. The anthropological report should specify what documentation such as photographs and/or radiographs have been prepared and where they are retained. Some of these may be later used in court testimony or in preparation of the attorneys for examination. Photographs of unadjudicated cases, when the case is identifiable, should not be used for teaching or public presentations. coroner will support retention of those skeletal elements that exhibit traumatic defects.

1976). Like the modulus, Poisson's ratio varies by bone type (McElhaney 1970). In general, the Poisson's ratios of bone are high, indicating that it tends to bulge when loaded in one direction (Keavney and Hayes 1993). Large changes in the modulus and strength of skeletal material are produced by minor changes in density of the bone mineral-the inorganic component of bone as can be measured by the ash content (Carter and Hayes 1976; Mazess 1987). Modest reductions in bone density correspond to much more serious reductions in the the modulus of elasticity and overall com- The Biomechanics ofFracture Production 39 pressive strength, suggesting that bone architecture is the critical factor (Mosekilde et al.

During autopsy, any marks on the bone left by the pathologist or technicians can be noted and documented during the later analysis. The association of soft tissue damage with underlying skeletal defects may be useful in linking the reports of the forensic pathologist and the anthropologist. The 20 Broken Bones perspective gained from such observation is also extremely important for the continuing education of the anthropologist and other investigators. Bodies can also be radiogTaphed for documentation of metal or other radio opaque materials.

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