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By Ian Heath
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Additional resources for Armies of the Dark Ages, 600-1066 A.D.
Abd Allah, the ﬁrst and the greatest of the short-lived line of Marwanid caliphs of al-Andalus, was born in Cordova in AH 277/891 CE, the grandson of the ruling emir ‘Abd Allah. In AH 300/912 CE, as the emir ‘Abd al-Rahman III, he took on his grandfather’s warridden and deeply divided reign, during which local strongmen of Iberian or Arabic descent had successfully revolted against the emiral authority 3 ‘ABD AL-RAHMAN III AL-NASIR and established themselves as independent rulers in most of the territory.
Studies concerning The Neighing and the Braying Smoor, Pieter. ’’ Journal of Arabic Literature XII (1981) and XIII (1982). S. ’’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1902): 289–312. 8 ABU ’L-FADL ‘ALLAMI (1551–1602) particularly valuable source for the study of Ghaznavid history (see especially Bosworth), it is also clear that his personal outlook and literary style are inseparable from his recounting of events (see Waldman and Meisami). Bayhaqi gives distinctive meaning to the events he describes, both in a moral sense and in terms of the recurrent patterns he discerns in the unfolding of history.
Ta’rikh al-Rusul Wa-lmuluk, ed. J. de Goeje. Leiden, 1879–1901. R. The First Dynasty of Islam. London: Croom Helm, 1987. Kennedy, Hugh. The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates. London: Longman, 1986. Wellhausen, Julius. The Arab Kingdom and its Fall, trans. Margaret Weir. Calcutta, 1927. ‘ABD AL-RAHMAN III AL-NASIR ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad b. ‘Abd Allah, the ﬁrst and the greatest of the short-lived line of Marwanid caliphs of al-Andalus, was born in Cordova in AH 277/891 CE, the grandson of the ruling emir ‘Abd Allah.