Download Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire by Tara Nummedal PDF

By Tara Nummedal

What distinctive the real alchemist from the fraud? this question lively the lives and labors of the typical men—and sometimes women—who made a dwelling as alchemists within the 16th- and seventeenth-century Holy Roman Empire. As purveyors of sensible concepts, innovations, and therapies, those marketers have been prized via princely buyers, who relied upon alchemists to reinforce their political fortunes. while, satirists, artists, and different commentators used the determine of the alchemist as a logo for Europe’s social and fiscal ills.
Drawing on felony trial files, contracts, laboratory inventories, satires, and vernacular alchemical treatises, Alchemy and Authority within the Holy Roman Empire situates the typical alchemists, mostly invisible to fashionable students before, on the heart of the advance of early glossy technology and trade. Reconstructing the workaday global of entrepreneurial alchemists, Tara Nummedal indicates how allegations of fraud formed their practices and customers. those debates not just show vastly varied understandings of what the “real” alchemy used to be and who may perhaps perform it; in addition they attach a collection of little-known practitioners to the most important questions on trade, belief, and highbrow authority in early glossy Europe.

Show description

Read Online or Download Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire PDF

Best economic history books

Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Galbraith supplies scholars economists alike the heritage in the back of present financial thoughts. He outlines the moral judgments that stay from the family economies of the Greeks to trendy capitalism.

Keynes: Useful Economics for the World Economy

Because the international monetary drawback keeps to reason harm, a few coverage makers have referred to as for a extra Keynesian method of present fiscal difficulties. during this publication, the economists Peter Temin and David Vines supply an available advent to Keynesian rules that connects Keynes's insights to cutting-edge international financial system and provides readers how to comprehend present coverage debates.

The Midas Paradox: Financial Markets, Government Policy Shocks, and the Great Depression

Monetary historians have made nice development in unraveling the explanations of the good melancholy, yet now not till Scott Sumner got here alongside has someone defined the multitude of twists and turns the financial system took. within the Midas Paradox: monetary Markets, executive coverage Shocks, and the nice melancholy, Sumner deals his magnum opus—the first e-book to comprehensively clarify either financial and non-monetary reasons of that cataclysm.

Additional resources for Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire

Sample text

This broad term encompasses not only what early modern Europeans called natural philosophy, the traditional focal point of the Scientific Revolution, but also the kind of knowledge and skill possessed by artisans, naturalists, collectors, instrument makers, navigators, gardeners, medical practitioners, and even artists and theologians, all of whom were actively engaged with nature in countless ways. As older systems that governed the pursuit of natural knowledge began to break down in the sixteenth century, these groups asserted numerous ideas about what might replace ancient and medieval knowledge.

Distilling furnaces, as depicted in [Peter Kertzenmacher], Alchimia das ist alle Farben, Wasser, Olea, Salia, und Alumina . . zubereyten (Frankfurt am Main: Bey C. Engenoffs Erben, 1570). (From the Roy G. Neville Historical Chemical Library, a collection in the Othmer Library, Chemical Heritage Foundation. Photo by Douglas A. ) mystical elements of the alchemical art. As the Paracelsian corpus came together, it began to offer a new framework for the practice of alchemy as chemical medicine. Finally, Kunstbüchlein such as Kertzenmacher’s treatise made alchemical knowledge accessible to a lay audience, one not fluent in the Latin of scholars but nonetheless interested in understanding and manipulating nature.

15 Following increased contact with the Muslim world, twelfth-century scholars in Europe began to translate Arabic natural philosophical and alchemical texts into Latin. ” 17 As supporters of the alchemical arts such as the philosophers Albertus Magnus, Roger Bacon, and pseudo-Geber defended their art in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, they produced a number of influential texts dealing with alchemy’s theoretical and practical elements. 18 Alongside this Latin scholastic debate about alchemy’s legitimacy, vernacular late medieval alchemical literature flourished as well.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.33 of 5 – based on 46 votes