Download Agricultural Trends in India, 1891-1947: Output, by George Blyn PDF

By George Blyn

In a constructing economic system, agriculture must never simply supply for a turning out to be population, but additionally produce a surplus for funding. For an historical, custom-domi­nated land like India, how does agriculture try to meet those calls for? during this publication, the industrial background of India's agriculture and the level of its improvement, from 1891 to independence (1947), is heavily and authoritatively tested in a learn of output, acreage, and yield according to acre for the eighteen vegetation that represent so much of India's agriculture.

The nature of swap for every of those eighteen plants, and for the foodgrain, non­foodgrain, and all-crop teams is defined and analyzed for the fifty-six-year interval as an entire, in addition to for shorter sessions, for British India and 6 significant areas. Output and alternate facts are mixed to figure out developments within the availability of plants. those developments are in comparison with inhabitants figures to point alterations in India's welfare. to provide an explanation for the developments in acre productiveness, shut scrutiny is given to alterations m the composition of output, depth of cultivation, agricultural expertise, and actual environment.

An huge remedy of the methodological difficulties encountered in assembling sufficient crop info and statistical measurements precedes the research of agricultural improvement. a correct account needs to stability the multitude of variables serious about the advanced procedure wherein agricultural details was once compiled and evaluated: the reliability of the village recorders, the adjustments in boundary traces and the ensuing alterations in files, the impression of weather and international markets, in addition to the bigger styles of historical past and nature, battle and catastrophe.

The accomplished Appendix comprises, between different resource fabrics, the once a year info for person plants and crop aggregates and their pattern charges for person a long time. The textual content includes a number of tables, charts, and maps.

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Additional resources for Agricultural Trends in India, 1891-1947: Output, Availability, and Productivity

Sample text

I, 164, found that tea exports were highest relative to output, 96% in the quinquennium preceding World War I, but this fell to 77°1c, by 1936/37. For wheat the proportion exported fell from 14% to 2% in the same periods. Reliability, therefore, cannot be tested by merely comparing exports, with reported output. "Some data of this type is given in the government's Inland Trade by Rail and River of India series, published up to 1920/21, and again starting with 1933/34. n Home consumption, outside the factories, is estimated at.

Trend for the given series would not be affected by this condition, but the series would have less weight in the aggregate trend because of this deduction. 105 tons. 105 times that output. The indigo adjustment applied to United Provinces and ° Bombay, where Estimates reported that 10 /o of acreage was reserved for seed production, and to Punjab, where varying percentages of sown acreage were used for seed. Output was raised by 10%to conveniently make this adjustment. Area 'Standard of Livfng, op.

In some districts the standards were reset every five years from the average of crop cuttings regardless of seasonal character in those years. " For two similar reasons this did not necessarily engender erroneous yield per acre estimates. " Second, both standard and seasonal condition factor were ultimately set by the same district or provincia! officers. It would seem likely that exaggerated standards would be offset by lower condition estimates in that circumstance. The seasonal condition estimate was based completely on judgement.

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