Download Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011: OECD by OECD PDF
For the 1st time, the tracking and assessment document of agricultural rules covers OECD member international locations (including the recent individuals who joined in the course of 2010 Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia) and chosen key rising economies: Brazil, China, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine. This variation exhibits that, after a rise in 2009, manufacturer help within the OECD region declined in 2010, confirming the downward development in help to farmers. the fad in rising economies indicates a few raise within the point of help, even though it remains good under the OECD usual. This file is a different resource of up to date estimates of help to agriculture and is complemented by means of person chapters on agricultural coverage advancements in all nations coated within the record. facts for the calculations of help can be found on-line www.oecd.org/agriculture/PSET
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Extra resources for Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011: OECD Countries and Emerging Economies
0 Source: UN ComTrade database. 1787/888932451965 These trends reflect changes in production and consumption shares across different commodities. The OECD/FAO AGLINK database shows how, across all major product categories, the share of world production accounted for by OECD countries has diminished. g. g. 5). 1. 5. Production shares of major commodities, by country grouping OECD BRIICS Rest of the world 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1999 2010 Wheat 1999 2010 Coarse grains 1999 2010 Rice 1999 2010 Oilseeds 1999 2010 1999 2010 Protein meals Vegetable oils 1999 1999 1999 2010 Sugar 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1999 2010 Beef 1999 2010 Pigmeat 1999 2010 Poultry 1999 2010 Butter 2010 Cheese 2010 WMP 1999 2010 SMP Source: OECD, Aglink database.
This has resulted in a relatively constant level of support to the farm sector, while its composition made it less production and trade distorting. The degree of market distortion is particularly reduced if the direct payments are made with no requirement to produce. This is the case in the Single Payment Scheme of the European Union which has further incorporated some of the remaining direct payments that were linked to production levels in 2009. In Switzerland funding for market regulations has been reallocated to finance direct payments to farmers, which are conditional on implementing specific farming practices related to animal welfare, environmental performance and landscape maintenance.
The trade data reported here correspond to the WTO definition of agricultural trade. Source: OECD, International Trade by Commodity Statistics (ITCS) and UN ComTrade database. 1. DIVERSITY AMONG NEW OECD MEMBER COUNTRIES AND EMERGING ECONOMIES exports and between 5% and 10% of imports, a difference which results in the sector making a major contribution to the overall balance of trade. Indonesia has become a significant net exporter in recent years, while South Africa has a modest surplus. India remains a net agricultural exporter, but since 1996 the surplus has diminished as a proportion of the country’s overall trade balance.