Download Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management by Deborah G. Mayo, Rachelle D. Hollander PDF
By Deborah G. Mayo, Rachelle D. Hollander
Discussions of technology and values in probability administration have mostly eager about how values input into arguments approximately hazards, that's, problems with appropriate chance. in its place this quantity concentrates on how values input into amassing, examining, speaking, and comparing the facts of hazards, that's, problems with the acceptability of proof of threat. by way of concentrating on applicable facts, this quantity avoids limitations to growth. One barrier assumes that facts of possibility is essentially a question of goal clinical facts and as a result uncontroversial. the opposite assumes that proof of threat, being "just" a question of values, isn't really amenable to reasoned critique. Denying either extremes, this quantity argues for a extra optimistic end: figuring out the interrelations of clinical and cost concerns allows a severe scrutiny of danger exams and higher public deliberation approximately social offerings. The individuals, individual philosophers, coverage analysts, and common and social scientists, study environmental and clinical controversies, and assumptions underlying perspectives approximately threat evaluate and the clinical and statistical types utilized in chance administration.
Read or Download Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management (Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series) PDF
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Additional info for Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management (Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series)
But the most controversial technologies and projects are those with amplified hazards and for which the existing assessment and management approaches miss the mark. An example is hazardous facility siting in the United States. After decades of siting industrial facilities in rural areas, the intense public opposition to a variety of such facilities—prisons, refineries, hazardous waste incinerators, power plants, and genetic-engineering laboratories—has perplexed decision makers and confounded existing institutional processes (Greenberg and Anderson 1984; Lindell and Earle 1983; OTA 1987; von Winterfeldt and Edwards 1984).
During the mid-1980s, for example, the EPA's Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP), an expert committee associated with the agency's pesticide program, found fault with the agency on several occasions for glossing over flaws in the design and conduct of toxicological studies relevant to regulation. One impatient panelist described the quantitative risk assessments performed on the basis of such studies as "gimcrack mathematics" (Jasanoff 1990, p. 136). Advances in scientific knowledge provided additional grounds for concern about the soundness of many quantitative risk assessments.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Winell, M. (1975). " Ambio 4(1): 34-42. Wisner, B. (1976). Man-Made Famine in Eastern Kenya: The Interrelationship of Environment and Development. Discussion Paper, no. 96. : Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Our Common Future. New York: Oxford University Press. 2 Acceptable Evidence in a Pluralistic Society SHEILA JASANOFF In recent years policy analysts have come to recognize cross-national comparison as a technique for illuminating noteworthy or desirable elements of decisions in particular national contexts (Heidenheimer, Heclo, and Adams 1975).