Download Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global by Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley PDF

By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley

Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for educational positions - is a arguable yet strangely universal perform the world over. This e-book is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the reasons, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.

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Sample text

For instance, Hargens and Farr (1973), based on multiple regression analysis of data (collected from such sources as the American Men of Science and Science Citation Index), proved that inbred academics were less productive in terms of both quantity and quality of publications. Even a department’s prestige did not change this correlation – inbred faculty showed inferior productivity compared to noninbred faculty even in prestigious departments, though the difference was smaller in prestigious departments.

So, sometimes measures dealing not with inbreeding itself, but with its consequences, may also be useful to consider. In this section, possible measures to eliminate inbreeding, as well as ways to deal with the problems it presents, have been discussed. In different countries, various strategies have been tested. Most of the literature on the topic shows that institutionalized measures that either forbid hiring one’s own graduates or make the selection and promotion mechanisms more transparent and competitive are rather useful, and can help to diminish the level of inbreeding in universities.

15 may, in some cases, be similarly productive in terms of research as their externally recruited peers, they are likely to be more locally oriented and tied to local norms and values and probably less interested in innovating within the university. Inbreeding frames the lifetime professional experience of a huge number of academics around the world. The fact that this practice is sustained in so many different contexts, in an era of enormous growth and new relevance of higher education to economic and social development, makes it exceedingly important to understand why inbreeding occurs and the consequences it yields.

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