Download A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams PDF
By Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams
An curiosity within the heart a long time frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a notice or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual support to basic readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin was once the language of the church, legislations and govt, and plenty of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are usually present in glossy books of historical past of the interval; equally, the perfect that means of outdated English and heart English phrases may well elude today's reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that realizing the beginning and evolution of a observe offers a greater figuring out. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this present day, one more relief to clarifying which means.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Next Armigerous. Term used now for someone entitled to bear heraldic arms. – Cf. previous Armil. A bracelet, part of the royal *regalia; also, later, a stole used at coronations, made of cloth of gold, which indicated the sacerdotal aspect of a king conferred by anointing. Arms, Assize of. 1181. This *assize extended the obligations of military equipment and service to those not previously affected. Under *fyrd law, only free landholders had been liable. This assize summoned all burgesses, all freeholders, regardless of wealth; also included were artisans and traders with income of 10 marks or more a year.
Astronomy then was based upon Ptolemy of Alexandria’s *Almagest, written in the second quarter of the 2c. ) The text was translated from the Greek into Arabic in the early 9c, and from Arabic into Latin in the 12c. The Ptolemaic description of the universe was geocentric; it was argued that since all objects fall to the centre of the universe, objects that were dropped on earth would fall elsewhere than to earth if it were not the centre of the universe. Not until Copernicus (d. 1543) was it shown that the earth moved.
Another term for a *mullet. Astrolabe. A device for use in making astronomical measurements, in particular for measuring the altitude of stars. – Cf. Alidad Astrology. Intense interest in astrology emerged in 14c England, prompted by that century’s calamities of plague and famine; it was vigorously condemned by the Church, but this did not diminish its popularity or persistence. It came into England from the world of the Arabic scholars. Astronomy. Astronomy was one of the subjects of the medieval *quadrivium.